Ali Haji bin Raja Haji Ahmad


January 20, 2022

Raja Ali Haji bin Raja Haji Ahmad (Jawi: راج علي حاج بن راج حاج احمد) or also known as the questioner Raja Ali Haji (born in Pulau Penyengat, Riau Islands, ca. 1808 - died in Pulau Penyengat, Lingga Sultanate (present part of the Riau Islands Province), ca. 1873) was a 19th century scholar, historian, and poet of Bugis and Malay descent. He is famous as the first recorder of the basics of Malay grammar through the book Pedoman Bahasa; a book that became the standard Malay language. Standard Malay (also called standard Malay) is what in the Indonesian Youth Congress on October 28, 1928 was established as the national language, Indonesian. He is the second descendant (grandson) of Raja Haji Fisabilillah, Yang Dipertuan Muda IV of the Lingga-Riau Sultanate and is also a Bugis nobleman. His work, Gurindam Dua Belas (1847), became the innovator of the literary trend of his time. His book entitled Kitab Pengetahuan Bahasa, the first term of the Riau-Lingga Malay Dictionary, is the first monolingual dictionary in the archipelago. He also wrote Syair Siti Shianah, Syair Suluh Pegawai, Syair Hukum Nikah, and Syair Sultan Abdul Muluk. Raja Ali Haji should also be commended for his services in writing Malay history. The book entitled Tuhfat al-Nafis ("Precious Gift" on Malay history), although in terms of historical writing is very weak because it does not include the source and year, can be said to describe the events in full. Although some people think that Tuhfat was written first by his father who is also a writer, Raja Ahmad. Raji Ali Haji just continued what his father had started. In the field of constitution and law, Raja Ali Haji also wrote Mukaddimah fi Intizam (law and politics). He is also active as a government adviser. He was designated by the government of the Republic of Indonesia as a national hero on November 5, 2004.


Raja Ali Haji was born in Pulau Penyengat, Riau Islands in 1808 or 1809. He was the son of Raja Ahmad, who held the title of Engku Haji Tua after making a pilgrimage to Mecca. He was the grandson of Raja Ali Haji Fisabilillah (Yang Dipertuan Muda IV of the Lingga-Riau Sultanate and also a Bugis nobleman, brother of Raja Lumu). Fisabilillah is a descendant of the Riau royal family, which is a descendant of Bugis soldiers who came to the area in the 18th century. His mother, Encik Hamidah binti Malik is a cousin of his father and also of Bugis descent. Raj Ali Haji was raised and spent much of his life and received his education in Penyengat Island, Lingga Sultanate, which is currently part of Riau Islands Province, Indonesia.

Famous works


1847: Gurindam Dua Belas


1860s: Tuhfat al-Nafis (Precious Gift) 1865: Malay and Bugis genealogy

Other works

1857: Bustan al-Kathibin 1850s: Book of Language Knowledge (Unfinished) 1857: Intizam Waza'if al-Malik 1857: Thamarat al-Mahammah False



Popular culture

Raja Ali Haji is played by Alex Komang in the 2009 film Mata Pena Mata Hati Raja Ali Haji

See also

Gurindam 12 Mata Pena Mata Hati Raja Ali Haji

External links

Site of homage to Raja Ali Haji (Indonesia) Raja Ali Haji, in Malay Archived 2017-06-01 at Wayback Machine.


(Indonesia) Mengenang Kejayaan Sastra Melayu Diarsipkan 2007-03-11 di Wayback Machine., Artikel di Suara Karya Online (Malay) Article from Islam Hadhari site about Raja Ali Haji Archived 2007-02-09 in Wayback Machine. (Malay) The post contains information about Raja Haji, the grandfather of Raja Ali Haji


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