Ali Haji bin Raja Haji Ahmad
January 20, 2022
Raja Ali Haji bin Raja Haji Ahmad (Jawi: راج علي حاج بن راج حاج احمد) or also known as the questioner Raja Ali Haji (born in Pulau Penyengat, Riau Islands, ca. 1808 - died in Pulau Penyengat, Lingga Sultanate (present part of the Riau Islands Province), ca. 1873) was a 19th century scholar, historian, and poet of Bugis and Malay descent. He is famous as the first recorder of the basics of Malay grammar through the book Pedoman Bahasa; a book that became the standard Malay language. Standard Malay (also called standard Malay) is what in the Indonesian Youth Congress on October 28, 1928 was established as the national language, Indonesian. He is the second descendant (grandson) of Raja Haji Fisabilillah, Yang Dipertuan Muda IV of the Lingga-Riau Sultanate and is also a Bugis nobleman. His work, Gurindam Dua Belas (1847), became the innovator of the literary trend of his time. His book entitled Kitab Pengetahuan Bahasa, the first term of the Riau-Lingga Malay Dictionary, is the first monolingual dictionary in the archipelago. He also wrote Syair Siti Shianah, Syair Suluh Pegawai, Syair Hukum Nikah, and Syair Sultan Abdul Muluk. Raja Ali Haji should also be commended for his services in writing Malay history. The book entitled Tuhfat al-Nafis ("Precious Gift" on Malay history), although in terms of historical writing is very weak because it does not include the source and year, can be said to describe the events in full. Although some people think that Tuhfat was written first by his father who is also a writer, Raja Ahmad. Raji Ali Haji just continued what his father had started. In the field of constitution and law, Raja Ali Haji also wrote Mukaddimah fi Intizam (law and politics). He is also active as a government adviser. He was designated by the government of the Republic of Indonesia as a national hero on November 5, 2004.