Scientism

Article

May 22, 2022

Scientism is a term used (usually pejoratively) for the belief that scientific methods and approaches can be applied to anything, and that science is the most authoritative or most valuable way of looking at the world to the exclusion of other views. Scientism has been defined as "the view that the inductive method of science is the only true source of knowledge and above all that science can produce true knowledge of man and society." The term is usually used as a critique of extreme logical positivism and has been used by such figures as the social scientist Friedrich Hayek, the philosophers of science Karl Popper, and the philosophers Hilary Putnam and Tzvetan Todorov to describe dogmatic support for scientific methodology and the reduction of knowledge to things that can be measured only. Science can refer to applied science "excessively." The term scientism has two pejorative meanings: To indicate the inappropriate use of scientific terms or scientific claims. This meaning also applies in contexts where science is not applicable, such as when the topic is considered to be beyond the scope of scientific research, and in contexts where there is insufficient empirical evidence to justify scientific conclusions. This definition includes excessive respect for claims made by science or the uncriticality of taking for granted the results of any research that is deemed scientific. Thus, in this case, the term scientism is used to oppose arguments based on the authority of science. To refer to "the belief that the methods of the natural sciences, or the categories and things recognized in the natural sciences, are the only things that are true in philosophy or other investigations," or that "science, and the only science, describes the world as it should be." , independent of point of view" along with the "abolition of the psychological dimension of experience." The term is also used to underscore the dangers that may arise from over-reductionism in all human knowledge. For sociologists who follow the Max Weber tradition, such as Jürgen Habermas, the concept of scientism is related to philosophy. positivism, but also to the rationalization of modern Western culture.

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Bibliography

Feyerabend, P; Feyerabend, PK (1993), Against Method (3rd ed.), Verso, ISBN 978-0-86091-646-8 . Peterson, Gregory R (2003), "Demarcation and the Scientistic Fallacy", Zygon: Journal of Religion and Science, 38 (4): 751–61, doi:10.1111/j.1467-9744.2003.00536.x, the best way to understand the charge of scientism is as a kind of logical fallacy involving improper usage of science or scientific claims . Webster (1983), "Scientism", New Collegiate Dictionary (Ninth ed.).

External links

CS Lewis: Science and Scientism, Lewis society, archived from the original on 2017-08-09, accessed 2013-03-31 . Burnett, "What is Scientism?", Community dialogue, American Association for the Advancement of Science, archived from the original on 2013-05-01, accessed on 2013-03-31 . "Science and Scientism", Monopolizing knowledge (World Wide Web log), The Biologos Foundation, archived from the original on 2015-04-27, accessed on 2013-03-31 .