October 19, 2021
The Pacific Ocean or Ocean of Shades (from Spanish: Pacifico, meaning calm) is the largest body of water in the world, and covers approximately one third of the Earth's surface, with a surface area of 165,250,000 km² (63.8 million sq mi2) . It extends about 15,500 km (9,600 mi) from the Bering Sea in the Arctic to the ice cap of the Ross Sea in Antarctica in the south. The Pacific Ocean reaches its greatest east-west width at about 5 degrees N latitude, where it extends about 19,800 km (12,300 mi) from Indonesia to the coast of Colombia. The western boundary of this ocean is usually placed in the Malacca Strait. The lowest point on Earth's surface, the Mariana Trench, is also in the Pacific Ocean. This ocean is located between Asia and Australia to the west, America to the east, Antarctica to the south and the Arctic Ocean to the north. The Pacific Ocean consists of about 25,000 islands (more than the number of islands in the world's oceans combined), the majority of which are south of the equator. (See: Pacific Islands.) On the irregular boundary of the Pacific Ocean are many oceans, the largest of which are the Celebes Sea, Coral Sea, East China Sea, Sea of Japan, South China Sea, Sulu Sea, Tasman Sea and Yellow Sea. The Strait of Malacca connects the Pacific Ocean with the Indian Ocean in the west, and the Strait of Magellan connects the Pacific Ocean with the Atlantic Ocean in the east. The Portuguese explorer Fernando de Magelhaens is the person who named the Pacific Ocean. For most of his journey from the Strait of Magellan to the Philippines, Magellan did feel the serenity of the ocean. However, the Pacific Ocean is not always calm. Where the Atlantic Ocean is widening, the Pacific Ocean is shrinking. This causes many earthquakes. Many hurricanes and hurricanes destroy islands in the Pacific and the land around the Pacific is filled with volcanoes and is frequently shaken by earthquakes. The tsunami, caused by an earthquake on the seabed, has destroyed many islands and collapsed city buildings. The Pacific Ocean itself is divided into two, namely the North Pacific Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean. The Pacific Ocean is divided into two because of its enormous breadth.