Association football (English: Association Football or Soccer) or simply soccer is a sport that uses a ball which is generally made of leather, called a "soccer ball", and is played by two teams of 11 (eleven) members each. ) core players and some substitute players. Entering the 21st century, this sport has been played by more than 250 million people in 200 countries. Football aims to score as many goals as possible by entering the ball into the opponent's goal. Football is played in an open rectangular field, on grass or artificial turf.
In general, only the goalkeeper has the right to touch the ball with his hands or arms inside his goal area, while the other 10 (ten) players are allowed to use their whole body other than the hands, usually with the feet to kick, the chest to control, and the head to head the ball. The team that scores the most goals at the end of the game wins. If until the end of time it still ends in a draw, then a draw can be made, extra time or a penalty shootout, depending on the format of the championship. From an official match, 3 points are awarded to the winning team, 0 points to the losing team and 1 point each to the two teams that drew. However, the winner of a football match can be canceled at any time due to scandals and criminal acts that are proven at a later date. A football match can be won automatically by a team by 3-0 if the opposing team intentionally withdraws from the match (Walk Out).
The general rules of the game are updated annually by the parent organization of international football (FIFA), which also organizes the World Cup every four years.
The history of the sport of soccer (the game of kicking a ball) dates back to the 2nd and 3rd centuries BC in China. During the Han Dynasty, people dribbled leather balls by kicking them into small nets. A similar game is also played in Japan as Kemari. In Italy, the game of kicking and carrying the ball was also popular, especially from the 16th century. Modern football began to develop in England by setting basic rules and became very popular with many people. In some competitions, the game caused so much violence during the matches that King Edward III finally banned the sport from being played in 1365. King James I of Scotland also supported a ban on playing football. In 1815, a major development caused football to become famous in universities and schools. The birth of modern football took place at the Freemasons Tavern in 1863 when 11 schools and clubs came together and formulated the standard rules for the game. At the same time, there is a clear separation between rugby and soccer (soccer). In 1869, carrying the ball by hand was banned in football. During the 1800s, the sport was brought by British sailors, merchants and soldiers to various parts of the world. In 1904, the supreme association of world football (FIFA) was formed and in the early 1900s, various competitions were played in various countries. This sport is also popular, especially from the 16th century.
For adult international matches, the international soccer fields used have a length that ranges from 100-120 meters and a width of 65-75 meters. In the middle of the two ends of the field, there is a goal area in the form of a rectangle measuring 7.32 meters wide and 2.44 meters high. In front of the goal there is a penalty area which is 16.5 meters from the goal. This area is the limit where goalkeepers can catch the ball with their hands and determine when a violation is awarded a penalty kick or not.