Siam

Article

May 22, 2022

Siam (Thai: ) is the old country of Thailand including its vassal countries namely Cambodia, Lanna, Laos, Pegu & a small part of Malaysia. This kingdom was formed by the Phra Ruang Dynasty and lasted until 1932. Initially the kingdom was ruled by the Khmer Empire until Thailand in 1238 gained independence from Khmer rule. When Ramkhamhaeng, son of Sri Indraditya ruled the kingdom of Sukhothai had relations with the Mongol Empire. After Ramkhamhaeng's death led to the decline of Sukhothai found Ayutthaya Kingdom. Ayutthaya has been at war with Ayutthaya Sukhothai many years conquering Angkor, Sukhothai, Tambralinga. Ayutthaya then war with lanna then Burma (Toungoo Dynasty) to Burma Sack Ayutthaya. In Thonburi (Modern near Bangkok) Phraya Taksin as King of Thonburi. King Taksin to Attack lanna and other kingdoms to reunite Siam.

Under Khmer

Funan, Chenla, Khmer Empire rule Isan & most of Southern Thailand except rule by Srivijaya Khmer Lavo city Vimayapura under Jayavarman VII Conquer Chao Phraya Basin, Northern Thailand Jayavarman VII death Khmer empire declines Independence gains many countries including Sukhothai, Lanna & Phayao. During Ayutthaya Borommaracha II an attack was launched to destroy Angkor.

Sukhothai and Lanna

The Thai city-state gradually became independent from the Khmer Empire. It is said that Sukhothai was founded as a sovereign, powerful kingdom by Pho Khun Sri Indraditya in 1238. A feature referred to by classical Thai political historians as, fathers governing children existed at this time. Everyone could bring their problems to the king directly; as there is a bell in front of the palace for this purpose. The city briefly dominated the area under King Ramkhamhaeng, who founded the Thai script, but after his death in 1365 it fell into decline and became subject to another developing Thai state, the Kingdom of Ayutthaya, under the Chao region of Phraya. Another Thai states that coexist with Sukhothai is the northern state of Lanna, centered in Chiangmai. King Phya Mangrai is its founder. This state of affairs arose in the same period as Sukhothai. Obviously Lanna is a closed ally of Sukhothai. When the Ayutthaya Kingdom had emerged and expanded its influence from the Chao Phraya valley, Sukhothai was finally subjugated. The fierce battles between Lanna and Ayutthaya have been ongoing. Chiangmai was eventually subjugated, becoming the followers of Ayutthaya. Lanna's independent history ended in 1558, when it finally fell to Burma; after that it was dominated by Burma until the end of the 18th century. Local leaders rose up against the Burmese with help from the rising Thai Kingdom of Thonburi King Taksin. The 'North City-Union' later became a vassal under the Thai kingdoms of Thonburi and Bangkok. In the early twentieth century they were annexed and became part of modern-day Siam, or Thailand.

Ayutthaya

The Ayutthaya Kingdom is located on a small inlet, surrounded by three rivers. Due to its pre-eminent location, Ayutthaya quickly became powerful, politically and economically. Different Ayutthaya, various names ranging from ' Ayothaya ', derived from Ayodhya, India's holy city, ' Krung Thep ' , ' Phra Nakorn ' and ' Dvaravati '. The first ruler of the Ayutthaya Kingdom, King Ramathibodi I, made two important contributions to Thai history: the establishment and promotion of Theravada Buddhism as the official religion - to distinguish his kingdom from the Hindu neighboring Angkor Kingdom - and the compilation of the Dharmashastra, a legal code based on Hindu sources. and traditional Thai customs. The Dharmashastra remained a tool of Thai law until the late 19th century. But Ayutthaya is distracted by internal fighting Ayutthaya tradition became the model for the next period, Bangkok's Chakri Dynasty. Starting with the Portuguese in the 16th century, Ayutthaya, was known to Europeans