Slovakia

Article

December 6, 2021

The Slovak Republic or Slovakia, in Slovak Slovenská republica or Slovensko, is a sovereign state in Central Europe, part of Czechoslovakia. This landlocked country is bordered by Poland to the north, the Czech Republic to the northwest, Ukraine to the east, Hungary to the south, and Austria to the southwest. Slovakia is a mountainous country with an area of ​​49,000 sq km with a population of more than 5.6 million people. The capital city of this country is Bratislava, and its second largest city is Kosice. Previously this country was part of the Great Moravian and Austro-Hungarian kingdoms. Since January 1, 2009 Slovakia started using the Euro currency.

History

The Slavs arrived in this region in the 5th and 6th centuries AD and later founded the Samoan Empire in the 7th century, they also founded the Principality of Nitra in the 9th century which was later conquered by the Principality of Moravia which eventually formed Greater Moravia. After Great Moravia was dissolved in the 10th century, it was captured by the Principality of Hungary which later became the Kingdom of Hungary in 1000. In 1241 and 1242, most of Slovakia was destroyed by the Mongol Empire. The area was later rebuilt by King Béla IV of Hungary who also placed Germans there. Subsequently, this territory became part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until its collapse after World War I. Later, the Slovak territory became part of Czechoslovakia. The fascist state of the Slovak Republic was founded in 1939 and was ruled by a totalitarian clero-fascist regime that became a puppet of Nazi Germany. Czechoslovakia was re-established after World War II, which after the 1948 coup was ruled by a Soviet-backed communist regime. Efforts to clean up the influence of communism peaked during the Prague Spring which was then crushed in August 1968 by the Warsaw Pact Invasion of Czechoslovakia so that the communist regime in that country ruled until the Velvet Revolution succeeded in overthrowing it without bloodshed in 1989. Slovakia separated peacefully from Czechoslovakia on January 1, 1993. through the Dissolution of Czechoslovakia better known as the "Velvet Divorce".

Geography

Politics

Slovakia is divided into 8 regions (kraj), each named after its main city: Bratislava Trnava Trenčín Nitra ilina Banska Bystrica Prešov Košice Each kraj is further divided into districts (okres). Slovakia currently has 79 districts.

Economy

Demographics

Culture

See also

List of Slovak figures List of cities in Slovakia

External links

(English) Official site (UK) Official tourism website Archived 2020-10-30 at the Wayback Machine. (English) Slovakia.org Archived 2009-02-28 at the Wayback Machine. (English) Slovensko.com Archived 2016-09-18 at the Wayback Machine. (Slovakia) Slovakia Archived 2008-09-14 at the Wayback Machine.

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