November 28, 2021

Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation (German: Schweiz, French: Suisse, Italian: Svizzera, Romansh: Svizra, Latin: Confoederatio Helvetica), is a federal country of 26 cantons in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the north. , France to the west, Italy to the south, Liechtenstein and Austria to the east. Switzerland is a country that is mostly made up of the Alps. Switzerland is known as a neutral country but still has strong international cooperation. Switzerland is divided into 26 cantons. Six of them are sometimes referred to as "half cantons" because stemming from the separation of the three cantons, as a result there is only one representative in the Council of State. The capital city of this country is Bern. Other important cities are Zurich, the largest city in Switzerland (which was named the city with the best quality of life in the world in 2006 and 2007), and Geneva, which is home to various international bodies such as the United Nations, WHO, ILO, and UNHCR. Switzerland is bordered by Germany, France, Italy, Austria and the small kingdom of Liechtenstein. Swiss people speak many languages, and there are four official languages: German, French, Italian, and the less popular Romansh. Switzerland has a rich history as a neutral country regardless of war or peace (and has not been involved in a war against a foreign government since 1815). Therefore, Switzerland is host to various international organizations such as the United Nations which, although its headquarters is in New York City, but many have established offices in Switzerland. Switzerland's Latin name, Confoederatio Helvetica meaning Confederation of Helvetica, was chosen to avoid choosing one of Switzerland's four official languages ​​(German, French, Italian and Romansh). The country's TLD, .ch, is also taken from this name. Of its 26 cantons, 17 speak Swiss-German, 4 Swiss-Romande/French, 1 Italian, 3 bilingual (German-French), and 1 trilingual (Italian-German-Romansh). The terms frequently used to refer to Switzerland in French (Confédération suisse), Italian (Confederazione Svizzera), and Romansh (Confederaziun svizra) are translated as "Swiss Confederation"). Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft is the German term found in official documents. Its Latin name is "Confœderatio Helvetica" (Confederation of Helvetia). The country TLD is "ch" for internet. The license plate relates to the Helvetii, an ancient Celtic tribe that once occupied the Alps. Switzerland marks 1 August 1291 as its independence day; following the history of this country which was originally a united state, then became an alliance since 1848. August 1 was made public leave so that banks, post offices, and general administrative offices were closed. The government system is very good, really reflects and absorbs the diversity of its population. As a federal state, its democracy is "direct", but is represented by the Federal Assembly. This parliament elects seven people to be the "government". All seven have ministerial status, head of departments, and one of them becomes president for one year in rotation.


Early history

see: History of the Alps, Alemannia, Upper Burgundy The first known tribes in this area were members of the Hallstatt and La Tène cultures. The La Tene culture grew, and flourished during the late Iron Age from about 450 BC, possibly with some influence from the Greek and Etruscan civilizations. One of the most important tribal groups in the Swiss region is the Helvetii. In 15 BC, Tiberius I, who was to be nominated as the 2nd Roman Emperor, and his brother Drusus, conquered the Alps, merging them into the Roman Empire. The area inhabited by the Helvetii tribe – who later derived the name Confoederatio Helvetica – was originally part of the Roman Province of Gallia Belgica, and

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