People's Liberation Army
The People's Liberation Army (TPR) (Chinese: , hanyu pinyin: renmin jiefangjun) is the national army of the People's Republic of China. This army is usually also called the People's Army. Unlike the national army in other countries whose military command is held by the ruling government, the TPR is directly under the command of the Chinese Communist Party. The TPR consists of five professional forces: Army, Navy, Air Force, Rocket Force and Strategic Support Force. Military units across China are assigned to one of the five commanderies based on geographic location. The TPR is the largest military force in the world and has the second largest defense budget in the world. The TPR is one of the world's fastest-growing modern militaries and has been cited as a potential military power, with significant regional power and increased global power projection capabilities. As per Credit Suisse in 2015, the TPR is the third most powerful world military. The TPR is under the command of the Chinese Communist Party's Central Military Commission (KMP). It is legally obligatory to follow the principle of civilian control over the military, although practically this principle has been implemented in such a way as to ensure that the TPR is under the absolute control of the Communist Party. The Commander-in-Chief is the Chairman of the Central Military Commission (usually the General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party). Since 1949, China has adopted "strategic guidelines" of nine different military strategies, the most important of which were in 1956, 1980, and 1993. In times of national emergency, the People's Armed Police and the Chinese Militia acted as reserve and support elements for the Liberation Army Army. People (ADTPR).
The seeds for the birth of the People's Liberation Army were in the Nanchang Uprising on August 1, 1927. The rebellion was successfully suppressed and the remaining rebel forces then united to form a military unit called the Chinese Peasant and Workers Revolutionary Army. In 1928, the name of this army changed to the Red Army of the Chinese Peasants and Workers.
At the time of the Japanese invasion of 1937, the Red Army was then united under the command of the Nationalist Army into the Eighth Route Army. In 1945, Eighth Route Army Commander Zhu De called for a life or death fight against the Japanese, in his speech he first uttered the term People's Liberation Army.
In 1946, when a civil war broke out between the communists and the nationalists, the army units that had previously been a communist force immediately broke away from the nationalist command and formed an army unit known as the People's Liberation Army until now.
The People's Liberation Army (TPR) uses a palagan command system (Chinese: ; pinyin: zhànqū) and currently there are five military command areas:
East Palagan Command is headquartered in Nanjing
Southern Palagan Command headquartered in Guangzhou
West Palagan Command is headquartered in Chengdu
Northern Palagan Command headquartered in Shenyang
Central Palagan Command is headquartered in Beijing
The People's Liberation Army Army has 18 army divisions.
The People's Liberation Army Navy is divided into 3 major fleets:
Northern Fleet, headquartered in Qingdao, Shandong.
Eastern Fleet, headquartered in Ningpo, Zhejiang.
Southern Fleet, headquartered in Zhanjiang, Guangdong.
The People's Liberation Army Air Force until 2005 had a force of 1,500 fighters, 780 bombers and 500 transport aircraft.
TPR Air Force
TPR paramilitary unit