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July 5, 2022

Thích is a Buddhist tribute name. Quảng c, is a descriptive attribute of merit; see name dharma.Thích Quảng c (English: pronunciation: ( listen) TICH KWONG DUUK; 1897 – June 11, 1963, born Lam Van Tuc) was a Vietnamese Mahayana Buddhist monk who burned himself to death at a crossroads in Saigon on June 11, 1963. Quang Duc opposed the persecution of Buddhists by the Roman Catholic government of South Vietnam led by Ngô nh Diệm during the country's Buddhist Crisis. After his death, Quang Duc's body was cremated, but his heart remained intact. This self-immolation was later considered a turning point in the Buddhist Crisis and was instrumental in overthrowing Diệm, who was later assassinated on November 2, 1963. This photo of the incident, which earned Malcolm Browne the a Pulitzer Prize, eliciting sympathy for Vietnamese monks and calls for the Diệm regime from all over the world. A number of other Vietnamese monks followed in Quang Duc's footsteps by setting themselves on fire as the pressure on them grew. This act of self-immolation was imitated by a number of Vietnam war protesters in the United States several years later.

Biography

Quang Duc's biography was recorded from the information of several Buddhist organizations. It is recorded that he was born in Hoi Khanh village, Van Ninh district, Khanh Hoa province, Vietnam. At birth, he was Lâm Văn Túc, one of seven children born to Lâm Hữu ng and his wife, Nguyễn Thị Nương. When he was 7 years old, he studied Buddhism under Hòa thượng Thích Hoằng Thâm, who was his uncle and spiritual teacher. Thích Hoằng Thâm raised him and Lâm Văn Túc changed his name to Nguyễn Văn Khiết. At the age of 15, he became a novice and became a monk at the age of 20 under the dharma name Thích Quảng c. After being raptured, he went to a mountain near Ninh Hòa and vowed to live a quiet Buddhist life, thus imprisoning for three years. He would later return to open the Thien Loc pagoda in the mountains where he had retreated. After his period of self-isolation was over, he then toured central Vietnam to explain the dharma. After two years, he retired to the Sac Tu Thien An pagoda near Nha Trang. In 1932, he became superintendent of the Buddhist Association in Ninh Hòa before becoming superintendent of monks at his residence in Khánh Hòa province. During this period, in central Vietnam, he was responsible for the construction of 14 temples. In 1934, he moved and traveled in southern Vietnam to spread Buddhism. During his time in southern Vietnam, he also spent two years in Cambodia studying the traditions of Theravada Buddhism. Upon his return from Cambodia, he oversaw the construction of 17 new temples in the south. The last of the 31 new temples he built was the Quan The Am pagoda in the Phu Nhuan district of Gia Dinh, on the outskirts of Saigon. The street where the temple was founded is now named after Quang Duc. After the construction of the temple was completed, c was appointed to be the Head of the Ceremonial Rite of the Congregation of Vietnamese Monks, and as head of the Phuoc Hoa pagoda, which was the starting site of the Vietnam Buddhist Learning Association (ABSV). When the ABSV center moved to Xa Loi Pagoda, Saigon's main pagoda, c withdrew.

Religious background

In a country where 70 to 90 percent of the population embraced Buddhism at the time, according to religious surveys, President Diem was a Catholic minority and frequently discriminated against, tortured and murdered Buddhists to Catholicize Vietnam. Diệm once told a high-ranking officer (and forgot that the officer was a Buddhist) to "put your Catholic officers in a sensitive place. They can be trusted." Several officers in the Armed Forces of the Republic