The Oregonian is a daily newspaper owned by Advance Publications, published in Portland, Oregon, United States. First published as a weekly by Thomas J. Dryer on December 4, 1850, The Oregonian is the oldest newspaper published continuously on the West Coast of the United States. It is the largest circulation newspaper in Oregon and the Pacific Northwest. In 2001, it won the Pulitzer Prize for Public Service. In addition, the Pulitzer Prize has also been won by six journalists from The Oregonian in 1999, 2001, 2006, and 2007.
The news content focuses on the Portland metropolitan area. However, this newspaper can also be purchased in almost all areas of Oregon, and Clark County in Washington state.
The Oregonian's website is called OregonLive.com. This site is maintained by the web division of Advance Publications in New Jersey.
The Oregonian was founded in 1850 under the name Weekly Oregonian. In 1861, ownership of the newspaper was transferred to Henry Pittock who began publishing it as a daily. Harvey W. Scott served as editor from 1865 until his death in 1910. Meanwhile, the Sunday Oregonian edition was first published in 1881.
In 1922, The Morning Oregonian launched KGW as Oregon's first private radio station. Five years later in 1927, KGW became an NBC affiliate radio station. In 1933, The Morning Oregonian once again purchased a second radio station, KEX from an NBC subsidiary called Northwest Broadcasting Co.. In 1944, KEX was sold to Westinghouse Radio Stations, Incorporated.
In 1937, The Morning Oregonian was renamed The Oregonian. Two years later in 1939, assistant editor Ronald G. Callvert received the Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Writing for an editorial entitled My Country 'Tis of Thee. In 1946, The Oregonian launched KGW-FM (according to The Oregonian on May 8, 1946) . Now, this radio station is called KKRZ. In 1953, the radio stations KGW and KGW-FM were sold to the King Broadcasting Company.
In 1957, The Oregonian journalists William Lambert and Wallace Turner won the Pulitzer Prize for Local Reporting. In 1961, Newhouse purchased a Portland afternoon daily called the Oregon Journal. The publishing efforts of both newspapers were based in The Oregonian building, but both had separate editorial staff. After ad revenue continued to decline, the Oregon Journal afternoon paper finally closed in 1989, and was consolidated into the Oregonian.
As part of the company's plan to leave broadcasting, KOIN-TV was sold to Lee Enterprises in 1977, while KOIN-AM and KOIN-FM were sold to Gaylord Broadcasting Co..
After S. I. Newhouse died in 1979, the company was transferred to his sons. S.I. Jr. took over magazine publishing while Donald took over newspaper publishing.
After establishing the Tokyo bureau in 1989, The Oregonian became the American newspaper of the Pacific Northwest region with overseas correspondents.
In 1992, The Oregonian supported Bill Clinton in the US Presidential Election. This daily has never previously supported a candidate from the Democratic Party.
(English) The Oregonian's official website Archived 2008-11-04 at the Wayback Machine.
(English) A brief history of newspaper publishing in Oregon (University of Oregon Library website)