A bishop (Arabic: , translit. usquf; from Ancient Greek: translit. epískopos "overseer") or bishop or bishop (Dutch: bisschop) is the head of the local Church called a diocese and is part of the hierarchy of the Roman Catholic Church after the Pope (Archbishop of Rome). In this position, the bishop is often referred to as the successor of the apostles of Christ. Each bishop, by virtue of his ordination, automatically becomes part of the ranks of worldwide bishops (Collegium Episcopale) under the leadership of the Pope and is responsible for the entire Catholic Church (parish) within the territory of his diocese. In the Church, the position of Bishop is for life and is appointed by the Holy See in the Vatican, Rome. The Church grants the title Monsignor to a person who is legally appointed as a Bishop.
The bishop has the main duties, namely:
Spread the gospel or good news
Shepherding God's People
Clerical Mission In the Clerical mission, a bishop carries out 3 duties of Christ, namely as a prophet (teaching), as a priest (presiding over the celebration of Mass), and as a king (leading the people).
In Indonesia, the pastoral duties of bishops are based on the wisdom of KWI (Indonesian Bishops' Conference) or formerly known as MAWI (Indonesian Bishops' Council), but the existence of each bishop is autonomous, meaning that KWI is neither above nor in charge of Bishops and KWI do not have regional branches, so the diocese is not a regional KWI. The members of KWI are bishops in Indonesia who are still active, excluding bishops who have retired ( Bishop Emeritus). KWI works through commissions chaired by bishops.
In Asia, the Diocese has one unified body, the FABC or the Federation of Asian Bishops Conferences.
Based on their daily duties, there are two kinds of bishops:
Diocesan Bishop Bishop assigned to work in a diocese area. In particular, a bishop who is given the task of serving in an archdiocese is called an archbishop.
Titular Bishop Bishop who is not on duty in one diocese area, for example a bishop appointed by the Holy See at the Vatican, Rome to serve special needs such as in the military.
Requirements to become a Bishop
Not all clergy can become bishops because of the tough conditions. The following are the requirements to become a bishop:
Have a deep spiritual life
Have a good name in society
Minimum age 35 years
At least 5 years of being ordained a priest
Have a Doctorate Degree or at least Expert in Scripture, Theology, and Canon Law
Bishops in Indonesia
There are several dioceses that are currently in a state of not having a bishop, such as Timika Diocese (because the Bishop died), as well as Amboina Diocese and Tanjungkarang Diocese (because the previous two bishops were respectively transferred to Merauke Archdiocese (Mgr. Petrus Canisius Mandagi, MSC) and the Diocese of Merauke. Agung Palembang (Mgr. Yohanes Harun Yuwono), then as temporary executor of the Bishop's duties, the Diocesan Council of Consultores appointed a priest from the diocese to be the Diocesan Administrator until a new bishop is elected by the Holy See of the Vatican, Rome. which has a Bishop Emeritus, such as the Archdiocese of Medan, Archdiocese of Palembang, Archdiocese of Jakarta, Archdiocese of Pontianak, Diocese of Bogor, Archdiocese of Merauke, Diocese of Atambua, Diocese of Ketapang, Diocese of Manado, Diocese of Ruteng, Diocese of Maumere, and Diocese of Manokwari.
Some of the famous names of Bishops in Indonesia:
Mgr. Albertus Soegijapranata, S.J. (1896-1963) - The first indigenous bishop in Indonesia who was ordained on November 6, 1940 for the Apostolic Vicariate of Semarang, which later became the Archdiocese of Semarang. National Heroes by S