Burkina Faso


August 12, 2022

Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa. The country is bordered by Mali to the north; Togo and Ghana in the south; Niger to the east, Benin to the southeast; and Ivory Coast in the southwest. Formerly this country was called the Republic of Upper Volta which was a French colony, President Thomas Sankara changed the name of this country to Burkina Faso ("Burkina" in Mossi language meaning "honest person" or "honest person", and "Faso" in Dioula language meaning "homeland") which means "Land of Honored People" on August 4, 1984. The capital city of Burkina Faso is Ouagadougou (pronunciation: Wagadugu), called "Waga" by the locals. The inhabitants of Burkina Faso are known as Burkinabé.


Prehistoric times

Like all parts of West Africa, Burkina Faso was inhabited by humans from the beginning, particularly by hunter-gatherers in the northwestern part of the country (12,000-5,000 BCE), and whose tools (scrapers, chisels, and arrowheads) were discovered in 1973. Settlements arose between 3,600-2,600 BC with the peasants, traces of the structure left relatively permanent impressive buildings. The use of polished iron, ceramics, and stone flourished from 1500 to 1000 BC, as was a preoccupation with spiritual matters, as shown by the burial remains that have been found. Relics attributed to the Dogon are found in the north-central, north, and northeast of the country. They left the region between the 15th and 16th centuries to live on the cliffs of Bandiagara. Elsewhere, the remaining high walls lie in southwest Burkina (as well as in Ivory Coast), but the people who built them have yet to be determined.

The period of the kingdom

Little has been found from the royal era in Burkina Faso. Even so, there was an incident during the time of the Mossi kingdom. It was the Europeans who came into contact with the «Mossi» (as shown in this area) and it was they who initially made the colonization. The travel report of Louis-Gustave Binger (1856-1936) (« Du Niger au Golfe de Guinée ») describes his journey, in June 1888, of Boukary, brother of Mogho Naba of Ouagadougou. Where Boukary made Mogho Naba Wobgho against the French, in a limited way in front of their modern army. Binger describes an empire that was subsequently feudal in shape.

Colonial period

In 1896, the Mossi kingdom of Ouagadougou became a French protectorate. In 1898, the main part of what is now Burkina was conquered. In 1904, these areas joined French East Africa in the colony of Upper Senegal-Niger. Its inhabitants participated in World War I in the Senegalese Infantry battalion. On March 1, 1919, Edouard Hesling became the first governor of the new Upper Volta colony. The colony was dismantled on September 5, 1932, and its territory was divided between Ivory Coast, Mali, and Niger. On 4 September 1947 Upper Volta was recreated from its borders in 1932. On 11 December 1958 it became a republic and joined the Franco-African Society and gained independence on 5 August 1960.



Total area: 274 200 km² Density: 44 people/km² Land borders: 3,192 km (Mali 1,000 km ; Niger 628 km ; Ivory Coast 584 km ; Ghana 548 km ; Benin 306 km ; Togo 126 km)Sea area: 0 kmAltitude: + 200 m > + 749 m Burkina Faso consists of 2 main sides: Most of the country is covered with peneplains that form a undulating landscape that in places is slightly isolated hills, remnants of pre-Cambrian massifs. The southeast of the country forms a massive sandstone, where the highest peak is found: Ténakorou (749 m, 2,450 ft). The massive is bounded by sheer cliffs 150 meters (490 ft) high. The average elevation is 400 meters (1,300 ft) and the difference between higher and lower land is no more than 600 meters (2,000 ft). Burkina Faso is a relatively flat country, with the exceptions