Wikipedia: Featured articles/List of selected articles 2021

Article

October 28, 2021

AP 53 (December 28, 2020 to January 3, 2021) Gilgamesh was a royal figure in the history of the city-state of Uruk in Sumeria who was also a heroic figure in Ancient Mesopotamian mythology and a major figure in the Epic of Gilgamesh, an epic written in Akkadian at the end of the second millennium BC. It probably ruled in the range of 2800-2500 BC and was deified after his death. He became a major figure in Sumerian legend during the Third Dynasty of Ur (around 2112 - 2004 BC). The legend of Gilgamesh is narrated in five Sumerian poems that still survive to this day. Of these five poems, the oldest are probably Gilgamesh, Enkidu, and the Underworld. (More ...) see · talk · edit · previous versions AP 1 (4 January 2021 s.d. 10 January 2021) Leeches are a group of animals in the segmented worm family (Annelida) that are flat -bodied and have blood -sucking devices at the tip of their head and tail. About three -quarters of leech species live as parasites that suck the blood of their hosts, while the rest are predators. Taxonomically, these animals are grouped as a subclass of Hirudinea. These animals are related to Oligocheata (like earthworms) who both have soft, muscular, broad bodies, can be shortened and elongated, have clitelum, and are hermaphrodite. Leeches are distinguished from their relatives by their two suckers, as well as by the mismatch between the outer body rings and the inner body parts. His body is muscular and relatively dense. Unlike other Annelida which has a large selom (body cavity), the leech selom has turned into small channels. (More ...) see · talk · edit · previous versions AP 2 (January 11, 2021 to January 17, 2021) The Javanese War from 1741 to 1743 was an armed conflict between a combined Chinese and Javanese army against the Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie (VOC) that erupted in central and eastern Java. After the Dutch army massacred 10,000 Chinese in Batavia (now Jakarta), those who survived fled to Semarang under the leadership of Khe Pandjang. Despite warnings that an uprising would soon break out, VOC military chief Bartholomeus Visscher ignored the warnings and did not prepare reinforcements. As the situation developed, Sunan Mataram Pakubuwono II chose to support the Chinese rebels while pretending to help the Dutch. (More ...) see · talk · edit · previous versions AP 3 (18 January 2021 s.d. 24 January 2021) Soedirman was a high -ranking Indonesian officer during the Indonesian National Revolution. Being the first commander -in -chief of the Indonesian National Army, he continues to be widely respected in Indonesia. Born to an ordinary couple in Purbalingga, the Dutch East Indies, Soedirman was adopted by his uncle who was a priyayi. After his family moved to Cilacap in 1916, Soedirman grew into a diligent student; he is very active in extracurricular activities, including participating in scouting programs run by the Islamic organization Muhammadiyah. While in high school, Soedirman began to show his ability to lead and organize, and was respected by the community for his obedience to Islam. After retiring from teaching, in 1936 he began working as a teacher, and later as principal, at the Muhammadiyah primary school; he was also active in other Muhammadiyah activities and became the leader of the Muhammadiyah Youth Group in 1937. After the Japanese occupied the Dutch East Indies in 1942, Soedirman continued to teach. In 1944, he joined the Japanese -sponsored Army of the Homeland Defenders (PETA), serving as battalion commander in Banyumas. During his tenure, Soedirman and his fellow soldiers rebelled, but were later exiled to Bogor. (More ...) see · talk · edit · previous versions AP 4 (25 January 202

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