The People's Democratic Republic of Yemen or South Yemen is a country founded in 1967 in what is now the southern province of Yemen. South Yemen is the only communist country in the Middle East.
South Yemen united with North Yemen on 22 May 1990 to form the Republic of Yemen.
Qathan Muhammed al Shaabi (1967–1969)
Ali Rubayi (1969–1978)
Abdel Fattah Ismail (1978–1980)
Muhammad al-Hasani (1980–1986)