1781

Article

May 25, 2022

1781 (MDCCLXXXI in Roman numerals) is a year of the 18th century.

Events

Fussli paints "The Nightmare" in Germany. Los Angeles founded by Spanish Catholic missionaries. The Bantu Xhosa and Khoi-Khoin, led by Queen Hoho, rebel against the theft of their livestock and lands. In response, they will be slain by the Boer army a few years later. Emperor Joseph II abolishes legal discrimination against Jews and Protestants. First edition of Immanuel Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. Publication of the final version of the Messier Catalog. January 29: first performance of the opera Idomeneo by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. March 13: astronomer William Herschel discovers the planet Uranus.

American War of Independence

January 5 - Richmond, Virginia: set ablaze by British naval forces led by Benedict Arnold. January 17: Brigadier General Daniel Morgan's Continental Army troops defeat the British forces of Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton at the Battle of Cowpens, South Carolina. March 1: The Continental Congress of the United States of America approves the Articles of the Confederation. October 19: The decisive battle of Yorktown ends with the surrender of the British troops.

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