1911

Article

July 5, 2022

1911 (MCMXI in Roman numerals) is a year of the 20th century.

Events

January: student unrest in Russia January 18: US pilot Eugene Burton Ely makes the first landing on the deck of a military vessel (the Pennsylvania warship in San Francisco Bay). February 28: Aristide Briand's government resigns in France March - April: Italy celebrates the fiftieth anniversary of its unity with a series of exhibitions in Rome, Florence and Turin. March 1: Italian nationalists publish a weekly newspaper, L'Idea Nazionale, an organ of the Italian Nationalist Association, and choose the anniversary of the Battle of Adua as the starting date. March 1: Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff, Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1901, dies. March 1: José Batlle y Ordóñez is re-elected president of Uruguay. It will launch a vast program of social and economic reforms. 19 March: first edition of International Women's Day in Europe. March 14: introduction of the zemstvo to the western provinces of Russia. March 25: Fire of the Triangle factory in New York, in which 146 workers die, mostly women. March 28: Picasso's first exhibition in the United States of America. March 29: Italian Prime Minister Luigi Luzzatti resigns. March 30: fourth Giolitti government in Italy April 14: Belgium approves a contract with the British company Lever to create the HCB (Belgian Congo Crusher). April 20: separation of church and state in Portugal April 23: France intervenes militarily in Morocco to liberate Fès, threatened by the hostile tribes to the Sultan. 1 May: 1st International Congress on Aviation Regulations in Paris. May 9: in Nicaragua, the United States forces President Juan José Estrada Morales to resign. He is succeeded by Vice President Adolfo Díaz Recinos: more conciliatory, he hands over control of the railways and the national bank to the United States. May 22: in Portugal a new currency, the escudo, replaces the réal. May 26: approval of a draft constitution for Alsace-Lorraine in the Reichstag, but without acquiring parity rights with the confederate states. May 29: in Russia, an agrarian law in favor of the dissolution of the rural commune May 31: launch of the Titanic June 4: the King of Italy inaugurates the Vittoriano. June 14: constitutional reform in Greece: Eleutherios Venizelos begins an administrative, military and economic reorganization. June 14: Southampton-New York maiden voyage of RMS Olympic, the world's largest liner June 15: Tabulating Computing Recording Corporation (IBM) becomes a public company. June 17 - Belgium: government of Charles de Broqueville June 24: Domenico Pacini begins a series of ionization measures (concluded June 30) off the Livorno Naval Academy; thanks to them he demonstrates the extraterrestrial nature of cosmic rays. July 1: In response to the French occupation of Fès, the German ship Panther reaches the Moroccan coast. The Agadir crisis begins between Germany on the one hand and France and Great Britain on the other. July 19: legislative elections in Portugal July 21: Beilis arrested on suspicion of killing a thirteen-year-old boy. The Beilis case begins. 25 July: the French painter Armand Beauvais dies. July 29: Horatio Herbert Kitchener becomes British consul in Egypt. He will conduct severe political repression against the nationalists. 8 August: Pope Pius X reduces the age for first communion to 7 years with the papal bull quam singulari. August 10 - Great Britain: Parliament Act. Reduction of the powers of the House of Lords, which loses the right of veto over the financial laws. Members of the House of Commons receive compensation. August 19: agreement between Germany and Russia in Potsdam on a division of influence in Persia and on the Baghdad railway. 21