1926

Article

August 19, 2022

1926 (MCMXXVI in Roman numerals) is a year of the 20th century.

Events

Great Britain: Modern automatic traffic lights come into operation in London. A dictatorial regime is established in Lithuania. Establishment of the figure of the Sole Executive of the Italian State Railways in the Fabriano - Urbino section. The construction of the Autostrada dei Laghi, the first toll motorway in the world, is completed. Discovered the caves of Pastena. The history of Istat begins with law 1162, which entrusts the institute with the task of detecting, processing and disseminating data, which had previously been entrusted to different departments. This for a better control of the territory and collective phenomena. United States: Walt Disney creates the character of Mickey Mouse (Mickey Mouse). 2 January: the Soresina - Sesto Cremonese - Cremona - Porta Milano railway line, the third nucleus of the Cremona-Iseo railway, is inaugurated. January 26 - Great Britain: engineer John Logie Baird presents the first prototype of a television set in London. February 15 - Paris: the liberal journalist Piero Gobetti dies from the consequences of a fascist beating. April 3 - Italy: the National Balilla Opera is established. On the same day, the single fascist trade union is established, strikes are forbidden and the Judiciary of Labor is established. April 6 - Cannes: the liberal Giovanni Amendola dies from the after-effects of a fascist attack. April 21: the Congregation of the Catechist Missionaries of the Poor is founded in Monterrey. April 24: Germany and the Soviet Union sign a pact of neutrality and friendship in Berlin. 25 April Reza Kahn is crowned Shah of Iran with the name of Reza Shah Pahlavi. World premiere of Giacomo Puccini's opera Turandot. May 9 - Arctic: Americans Floyd Bennet and Richard Byrd fly over the North Pole with an airplane for the first time. May 12-14: coup d'état in Poland led by Józef Piłsudski. May 13 - Alaska: the Italian Umberto Nobile and the Norwegian Roald Amundsen land with the Norge airship after flying over the North Pole, leaving Rome two days earlier. June 21 - Italy: inauguration of the Alto Pistoiese Railway 9 July - Rome, the National Statistical Institute (ISTAT) was born with Law 1162. August 1 - Mexico: the entry into force of the anticlerical measures stipulated in the 1917 Constitution causes the Cristera War. August 6 - Great Britain: the American Gertrude Ederle is the first woman to swim across the English Channel. 25 August - Italy: the Napoli Soccer Association is born, better known as Naples. 26 August - Florence: Fiorentina was born from the merger of the football sections of the Florence Sports Club and the Fiorentina Libertas Gymnastics Gym. August 27 - New York: ticker-tape parade in honor of Gertrude Ederle, the first woman to swim across the English Channel. September 3 - Italy: Fascism dissolves all municipal and provincial councils. The election of the mayor is replaced by the governmental appointment of the podestà. 7 September - Italy: Royal Decree n. 154 implements the first reorganization of the banking system in the history of the Kingdom of Italy (strengthening of the role of the Bank of Italy and the Ministry of the Treasury), definitively removing the power to print money from Banco di Napoli and Banco di Sicilia. 20 September - Merate: the Zeiss telescope with a 1 meter aperture, at that time the largest in Italy, enters service. October 29: beginning of the fifth year of the fascist era October 31 - Bologna: 15-year-old student Anteo Zamboni shoots Benito Mussolini, and is later lynched by the crowd. The story, full of obscure points, justifies the crackdown on fascism against political opponents. November 1: the Italian Council of Ministers approves the "exceptional laws for the security and defense of the state", which provide, among other things, the dissolution of all