1932

Article

July 3, 2022

1932 (MCMXXXII in Roman numerals) is a leap year of the 20th century.

Events

Italy: architect Giuseppe Terragni begins construction of the Casa del Fascio in Como, completed in 1936, a masterpiece of Italian Rationalism. United States: the III Winter Olympics are held in Lake Placid and the X Olympics Games in Los Angeles. The first technicolor film is produced Vladimir Koz'mič Zvorykin invents the electronic camera. James Chadwick discovers the neutron, which earned him the Hughes Medal. January 22 - El Salvador: a peasant revolt is suppressed with a massacre later called La Matanza. January 23 - Italy: the first issue of The Enigmistic Week is published. January 28 - March 3 - China: Shanghai War. May 7 - France: President Paul Doumer is killed by a Russian emigrant, Pavel Gorguloff; on 10 May, Albert Lebrun is elected president. May 12 - United States: the body of Charles Lindbergh jr., Kidnapped on March 1, is found. May 15 - Japan: May 15 incident. May 20 - Austria: Engelbert Dolfuss becomes chancellor. May 21 - Amelia Earhart is the first female aviator to make a solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean, from Harbor Grace (Canada) to Culmore (Northern Ireland). June 24 - Siam (former name of today's Thailand): the bloodless military coup called the Siamese Revolution of 1932 begins and ends, which will lead King Rama VII to sign a provisional constitution three days later and transform the country into a constitutional monarchy . June 27 - Siam: Rama VII signs the provisional constitution and the country becomes a constitutional monarchy. June 30: laying of the first stone of the city of Littoria, now Latina. July 7 - Portugal: António de Oliveira Salazar becomes Prime Minister. He will remain so until 1968. July 9 - Switzerland: at the Lausanne conference it is decided to forgive Germany the payments due for war reparations. July 13 - Italy: the book History of Europe in the nineteenth century by Benedetto Croce is condemned and placed on the Index of books prohibited by the church. July 31 - Germany: the Nazi party obtains a relative majority in the elections. August 2 - United States: the first positron is discovered by Carl Anderson. 6 August - Venice: the first edition of the Venice International Film Festival opens on the terrace of the Hotel Excelsior. 22 August: the Rovato - Soncino railway line, the fourth nucleus of the Cremona Iseo Railway, comes into operation. September 20 - India: Gandhi begins his first hunger strike in prison. September 29 - Bolivia / Paraguay: the struggle for oil fields leads to an open war that will last until 1935. September 30 - Germany: the Nazis force the Bauhaus school to close. 28 October: official inauguration of the Rovato - Soncino and operation of the complete Cremona - Iseo railway line. October 29: beginning of the eleventh year of the fascist era. November 7 - United States: the presidential elections are won by Franklin Roosevelt, candidate of the Democratic Party. December 18: the city of Littoria, today's Latina, is founded. December 27: inauguration of the Radio City Music Hall in New York.

Born

There are about 2,000 rumors about people born in 1932; see the 1932 Born page for a descriptive list or the 1932 Born category for an alphabetical index.

Deaths

There are about 630 rumors of people who died in 1932; see the Deaths in 1932 page for a descriptive list or the Deaths in 1932 category for an alphabetical index.

Calendar

Nobel Prizes

The following Nobel Prizes were awarded this year: for Literature: John Galsworthy for Medicine: Edgar Douglas Adrian, Charles Scott Sherrington for Physics: Werner Karl Heisenberg for Chemistry: Irving Langmuir

Arts

October 7 - London: Sir Thomas Beecham e