1936

Article

November 27, 2021

1936 (MCMXXXVI in Roman numerals) is a leap year of the 20th century.

Events

January 29: end of the treaties on International Naval Restrictions. The shipyard construction vacation is halted, as is the maintenance of the status quo in the Pacific Ocean. January 6 - Spain: the inability to form a government capable of gaining trust leads to the dissolution of the Cortes and elections in February. January 15: The Japanese delegation leaves the Naval Disarmament Conference after refusing to accept tonnage restrictions on various classes of warships. The Japanese government wants to renew its navy without further restrictions. January 18: Joseph Rudyard Kipling dies of a cerebral hemorrhage shortly after learning about his death in a newspaper. January 20 - United Kingdom: Edward VIII succeeds his father George V as King of the United Kingdom after the latter's death. January 21: the governments of Bolivia and Paraguay sign the peace treaty that ends the Chaco War. The terms of the treaty were decided by a joint arbitration of six Latin American countries. February 4: A radioactive element is artificially synthesized for the first time, Radio E. February 6-16: The IV Winter Olympics are held in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany. 9 February: during the night a fire devastates the Teatro Regio in Turin, built in 1740; will be rebuilt in 1973. March 5 - Planica, Slovenia: Sepp Bradl is the first man to exceed 100 meters in ski jumping. 7 March: Hitler sends 2,000 soldiers to the Rhineland, violating the Rhine Pact. April 27 - Alcatraz: Joseph Bowers is the first inmate to attempt an escape in the history of Alcatraz prison; Arriving well into his escape, he is fatally shot by several gunshots from the guards until he falls off a cliff. May 9: Abyssinian troops surrender; Haile Selassié flees to England. In Italy the Empire of Italian East Africa is proclaimed. Vittorio Emanuele III assumes the title of "Emperor of Ethiopia". May 29: the German boxer Max Schmeling beats the American Joe Louis in New York for out of action in the twelfth round. June - Italy: the Fiat 500 "Topolino" is presented by Giovanni Agnelli. June 30: Gone with the Wind, by Margaret Mitchell, is published. July 18 - Spain: Nationalist troops led by General Francisco Franco fail to take control of the country in a coup due to republican resistance; beginning of the Spanish Civil War. 20 July: signature of the Montreux Convention The League of Nations repeals the sanctions against Italy. 1st-16th August: Berlin Olympics The American Jesse Owens accomplishes the feat of winning 4 golds in athletics. Ondina Valla is the first Italian woman to win an Olympic gold medal (80m hurdles) September - Spain: General Francisco Franco is appointed "Generalissimo" of the king's army and is proclaimed Head of State. September 6 - Australia: Benjamin dies, the last Tasmanian tiger (also called Tilacino) kept in the Hobart Zoo in captivity. September 19 - Italy: the largest military airport in Italy, Luigi Ridolfi airport in Forlì, is officially inaugurated. 25 October: Signed the Rome-Berlin Axis, a friendship pact between Germany and Italy. October 28: beginning of the fifteenth year of the fascist era, the first after the proclamation of the Empire November: Italy and Germany support Generalissimo Franco in the Spanish Civil War with troops and vehicles. November 2: The BBC becomes the first broadcaster in the world to provide a regular broadcast service. December 5: The Transcaucasian RSSF formed by Armenia, Georgia and Azerbaijan joins the USSR. December 11 - United Kingdom: King Edward VIII abdicates to marry the American Wallis S

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