1940

Article

November 28, 2021

1940 (MCMXL in Roman numerals) is a leap year of the 20th century.

Events

Karl Landsteiner and Alexander Solomon Wiener make public their discovery of the Rh factor in human blood. February 29 - United States: Actress Hattie McDaniel becomes the first black person to win the Oscar at the 1940 Academy Awards ceremony. March 21 - France: the government of Édouard Daladier falls. He will be replaced by Paul Reynaud. April 2 - Italy: due to the shortage of raw materials, the requisition of all the iron gates begins. May 7: a concordat is signed between Portugal and the Vatican that includes a Catholic missionary "orientation" in the Portuguese colonies. May 10 - United Kingdom: Prime Minister Arthur Neville Chamberlain resigns, replaces Winston Churchill as head of a national unity government. Minister of War is the Conservative Anthony Eden. May 15 - Dick and Mac McDonald opened the first McDonald's restaurant. May 26: in Dunkirk, during Operation Dynamo, a massive attack by the Germanic Stuka threatens to cause the evacuation of British troops from French soil to fail. May 27: the Egie Quartet (which will later become Quartetto Cetra) debuts at the Teatro Valle in Rome. 29 May: Fausto Coppi wins the stage of the Giro d'Italia Florence - Modena with more than four minutes of advantage and takes his first pink jersey. 10 June: the tenor Francesco Albanese makes his debut at the Teatro Costanzi in Rome in the role of Evandro in the Alceste, Benito Mussolini announces the entry into the war by fascist Italy. July 7: Presidential elections in Mexico. On this day alone there are 47 dead and 400 injured in the clashes. July 27: Bugs Bunny debuts. 12 September: Montignac - Four teenagers discover and explore a hidden cavity near the hill overlooking the village, with prehistoric cave paintings inside: the Lascaux Caves. 26 October - Rome: the Ostiense railway station, designed by the architect Roberto Narducci, is inaugurated. The station was born from a previous structure that Narducci himself had designed in 1938 for Adolf Hitler's visit to Italy. October 28: beginning of the nineteenth year of the fascist era, the fifth after the proclamation of the Empire, the first after the entry into the war. November 7: Strong gusts of wind in Tacoma cause the collapse of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge November 10: a strong earthquake (magnitude 7.3) hits Romania. In Bucharest, the collapse of a skyscraper causes two hundred victims. November 11: Willys-Overland Motors introduces the "Willys MB" model, better known as the "Jeep". 1 December: Manuel Ávila Camacho is the new president of Mexico; succeeds Lázaro Cárdenas del Río. December 20: Claude Shannon publishes his doctoral thesis A Symbolic Analysis of Relays and Circuits. December 29 - Battle of Britain (Operation Leone Marino): the Luftwaffe drops fire bombs on London, causing at least 3,000 civilian casualties. December 30: Alcatraz inmate Henri Young kills fellow traitor Rufus McCain, who had from the beginning revealed their 1939 escape to the guards; a series of trials begin for Young.

Second World War and Shoah

January

January 13 - Due to unfavorable conditions, Hitler postpones the attack in the West until January 20.

February

February 1 - Italy: ration cards come into force. First rationed products: sugar and coffee. February 11 - A Soviet-German trade agreement is signed: the USSR will supply raw materials (grain and oil) in exchange for industrial products and war material.

March

March 5 - Members of the Soviet Politburo - Stalin, Molotov, Lazar Kaganovich, Mikhail Kalinin, Kliment Vorošilov and Lavrenty Beria approved the plan prepared by Beria himself and ordered the execution of cir

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