1955

Article

May 25, 2022

1955 (MCMLV in Roman numerals) is a year of the 20th century.

Events

January

January 7 - USA: Marian Anderson is the first black person to perform at the Metropolitan Opera in New York 11 January - Autobianchi, an Italian automobile factory, is founded January 19 - US President Dwight D. Eisenhower holds the first televised press conference. January 24 - Paris: a demonstration promoted by Pierre Poujade sees the participation of about two hundred thousand people. The movement he promoted, poujadism, enjoyed some political success in the second half of the 1950s.

February

3 February - Milan: the Italian-Yugoslav Chamber of Commerce is founded. February 9 - Rome: after 13 years of work, the first line of the Rome metro is inaugurated (the Termini - Laurentina section, what is now Line B). February 24 - The Central Treaty Organization, also known as the Baghdad Pact, is founded

March

March 1 - Winston Churchill, in his latest speech to the House of Commons, known as Never despair, announces that England has started building the hydrogen bomb but also expresses his concern at the prospect of a destructive atomic war. March 2 - USA: Claudette Colvin was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a bus during racial segregation in the United States of America March 9 - Rome: neo-fascist militants attack the Rinascita bookshop followed by violent clashes. The parliamentary groups of the PCI and the PSI are calling for the dissolution of the Italian Social Movement. 10 March - the FIAT 600 is presented to the public at the Geneva Motor Show. March 14 - Fausto Coppi and Giulia Occhini are sentenced, for adultery, to two and three months in prison with parole. March 22 - Morgnano disaster. March 26 - massacre of Colombaia di Secchia. The former communist partisan Guerrino Costi shoots with a rifle on the Christian Democrats who celebrate the victory in the elections for agricultural mutuals in a tavern; the toll is two dead and two wounded. March 28 - Washington: Prime Minister Mario Scelba meets Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States. March 28 - beginning of the battle of Saigon, between the government of Ngo Dinh Diem and the alliance between the sects Binh Xuyen, Cao Dai and Hoa Hao. March 30 - Front of the harbor wins the Oscar for best film.

April

April 5 - Winston Churchill resigns as UK Prime Minister. April 18-24 - Indonesia: promoted by President Sukarno, the Bandung Conference takes place. It is attended by representatives of 29 African and Asian states, determined to defend their independence in international affairs by escaping the bipolar logic of the Cold War. The ten points of the Final Declaration, on peace and cooperation between peoples, are the basis of the movement of "non-aligned countries". April 29 - Italy: the president of the Chamber Giovanni Gronchi, exponent of the Christian Democratic left, is elected President of the Italian Republic on the fourth ballot with the votes of DC, PCI, PSI, MSI and a part of the monarchist deputies.

May

May 5 - The Federal Republic of Germany was declared fully sovereign May 9 - The Federal Republic of Germany joins NATO. May 14 - Warsaw: Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Romania, Hungary, the German Democratic Republic and the Soviet Union give life to the Warsaw Pact, a defensive military alliance opposed to NATO. May 15 - Vienna: the Austrian State Treaty is signed which restores a free, sovereign and democratic Austria.

June

June 1-3 - Messina Conference: the six states of the ECSC outline the steps for the creation of the Common European Market (MEC) and the atomic energy agency (EURATOM). 11 June - Le Mans disaster: during the car race