1960 (MCMLX in Roman numerals) is a leap year of the 20th century.
South Africa: Many Catholic churches are burned by the African population in revolt
Italy: the coin's oscar is assigned to the lira.
1 January - Cameroon: independence from France is proclaimed.
10 January - Milan: from the RAI headquarters in Corso Sempione, the first episode of the radio show Tutto il calcio minute by minute is broadcast.
January 24 - Algeria: the state refuses to carry out the peace negotiations advanced by the French president Charles de Gaulle.
February 3: British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan delivers a speech outlining plans to ensure independence for many of the British colonies.
February 13: Algeria: France carries out its first nuclear test, Gerboise bleue, in the desert near Reggane.
February 18-28 - California: the VIII Winter Olympics are held in Squaw Valley.
18 February-25 September - Rome: the Summer Paralympic Games take place.
February 29 - Morocco: an earthquake kills one third of Agadir's population.
Italy: Federico Fellini's La dolce vita is released in cinemas. The Catholic Church and the right are clamoring for censorship.
March 23 - Italy: Antonio Segni resigns from the office of Prime Minister.
March 25: France wins the Eurovision Song Contest, hosted in London, UK.
April 4: Senegal proclaims independence from France.
April 8 - Italy: the new government led by Fernando Tambroni gains confidence in the Chamber of Deputies thanks to the votes of the Christian Democrats, the Italian Social Movement and four former monarchist deputies.
April 17: Catholic Easter
April 21: the city of Brasilia is officially inaugurated.
May 16: invention of the first laser by physicist Theodore Maiman.
May 20 - Cannes: at the Cannes International Film Festival, Federico Fellini's La dolce vita wins the Palme d'Or.
May 22 - Chile: the strongest earthquake of the twentieth century strikes with a magnitude of 9.5. The tsunami generated by the earthquake, in addition to destroying all the villages along the 800 km of coastline, covers 17,000 km and reaches Japan, on the other side of the Pacific Ocean.
May 23 - Argentina: The Israeli government announces the capture of the Nazi criminal Adolf Eichmann.
June - France: signs of a thaw between the French government and the Algerian rioters. Charles De Gaulle visits Algiers to meet with the provisional government.
June 27 - Palermo: during the general strike called by the Italian General Confederation of Labor, CISL and UIL to solicit measures in favor of the city's economy, the intervention of the swift cause 30 injured.
Congo becomes independent from Belgium.
Genoa: clashes between demonstrators and police departments during an anti-fascist procession on the occasion of the MSI congress. 83 people were injured.
1 July: independence of Somalia from Italy; the state of Somaliland joins Somalia.
6 July: first edition of the European football championship, organized every four years by UEFA
7 July - Reggio Emilia: 5 workers lose their lives during clashes between law enforcement and workers. The event, also known as the Reggio Emilia Massacre, gave its name to a square in the city, Piazza Martiri on 7 July.
10 July: the Soviet Union wins the first edition of the European Football Championship, beating Yugoslavia in the final
July 21 - Sri Lanka: Sirimavo Bandaranaike, leader of the LSFP, is the first woman in the world to be elected Prime Minister.
August 1st: independence of Dahomey
5 August: independence of Burkina Faso
7 August: independence of the Ivory Coast
August 15: the Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville)