Article

November 28, 2021

1961 (MCMLXI in Roman numerals) is a year of the 20th century.

Events

January

January 3 - Washington: Eisenhower announces the breakdown of diplomatic relations between the United States and Cuba. January 8 - France: thanks to a referendum, Charles De Gaulle gets full powers to negotiate with Algerian nationalists. January 17 - Elisabethville: former Congolese prime minister Patrice Lumumba is killed. January 20 - Washington: John Kennedy is sworn in as 35th president of the United States of America. In his inaugural address he utters the famous phrase: "So, my dear Americans: don't ask what the country can do for you, ask what you can do for the country". January 31 - Israel: Prime Minister David Ben Gurion resigns.

February

February: the USSR enters into conflict with the Albanian government over the choice of the Communist Party to adopt a pro-Chinese policy. February 14 - University of Berkeley: the chemical element Laurentius is synthesized for the first time. February 15 A total solar eclipse occurs. Belgium: Sabena Flight 548 crashes near Brussels killing 73 people, including the entire United States figure skating team. The upcoming World Figure Skating Championships in Prague are canceled. February 26 - Hassan II proclaimed king of Morocco

March

1st March - Rivolto del Friuli: the 313rd Acrobatic Training Group, the National Acrobatic Team, better known as Frecce Tricolori under the command of Major Mario Squarcina, is created. March 15: An article published by Australian doctor William McBride on the effects of thalidomide on the fetus is released: the drug causes phocomelia. Numerous abortions, so much so that we witnessed the collapse of births in the winter months. March 18: Luxembourg wins the Eurovision Song Contest, hosted in Cannes, France.

April

April - France: General Charles De Gaulle is forced to withdraw his troops from Algeria following a social war in France. April 3 - Italy: the pink Gronchi is issued, a stamp that will be withdrawn even before its validity course, becoming one of the rarest in Italy. April 11 - New York: debut of singer Bob Dylan April 12: Jurij Gagarin is the first man in space. April 17: The invasion of Cuba by mercenary Cuban exiles, trained in Guatemala by the CIA, the US intelligence service, is pushed back into the Bay of Pigs by the Cuban Revolutionary Armed Forces (FAR), commanded by Fidel Castro. April 24 - Stockholm: the wreck of the Regalskeppet Vasa, sunk 333 years earlier, was recovered from the waters of the Baltic Sea.

May

1 May: first hijacking of an airliner May 5: Alan Shepard is the first American in space with the Mercury program. May 15 - Vatican City: Pope John XXIII promulgates the encyclical Mater et Magistra. May 25: US President Kennedy announces to Congress the start of the Apollo program aimed at landing on the Moon. May 26-June 22: International Conference for the Stockholm Plan Resolution of 1961 on broadcasting. May 28 - London: with an article published in the British magazine The Observer, the lawyer Peter Benenson launches an appeal in favor of an amnesty for two young people arrested in Lisbon during the dictatorship of Antonio Salazar. Initially, the awareness campaign was supposed to last a year, but the appeal attracts thousands of supporters and leads to the establishment of a human rights movement: Amnesty International. May 31: MIT researcher Leonard Kleinrock publishes first article on packet switching, the technology that will underpin the internet.

June

June 4 - Austria: meeting between US President John F. Kennedy and the Soviet Nikita Khrushchev pe

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