1962

Article

October 20, 2021

1962 (MCMLXII in Roman numerals) is a year of the 20th century.

Events

Technology - The launch of the Telstar communications satellite allows for long-distance live television and telephone broadcasts. Philips presents the cassette at the end of the year.

January

January 1: Western Samoa gains independence from New Zealand. January 3: Pope John XXIII excommunicates Fidel Castro, Cuban leader. January 4: In New York, a train that runs without a driver comes into operation. January 8: in the Dutch town of De Putkop, between Harmelen and Kamerik, a very serious train accident occurs, killing 93 people. January 22: Cuba is excluded from the Organization of American States (OAS or OAS).

February

February 2: Neptune and Pluto align for the first time in 400 years. February 20: John Glenn is the first American to orbit in space

March

March 2: Wilt Chamberlain scores 100 points in the game between Philadelphia Warriors and New York Knicks. March 18 Évian (France, Haute-Savoie): signing of the agreement between the French Republic and the National Liberation Front for the recognition of the independence of Algeria. France wins the Eurovision Song Contest, hosted in Luxembourg, Luxembourg.

May

May 6 - Italy: Antonio Segni is elected President of the Italian Republic on the ninth ballot May 31 Adolf Eichmann, one of the main responsible for the Final Solution of the Jewish Question in the Second World War, is executed in the Ramleh prison in Tel Aviv. In Voghera a freight train coming from Milan does not respect a red light and falls on a train loaded with passengers bound for Liguria that was parked on the third track. It was the most serious post-war Italian railway disaster: 63 victims.

June

June 2: the Red Army kills dozens of people during a protest in the Soviet city of Novočerkassk in an event that will be called the Novočerkassk Massacre. June 3: A Boeing 707-328 bound for Atlanta (Georgia, USA) crashes on take off from Orly Airport in Paris. 130 of the 132 people on board die: the two survivors were crew members, sitting in the stern of the plane. Many of the victims (121) were members of the "Atlanta Art Association" June 11: Frank Morris, John Anglin and Clarence Anglin escape from Alcatraz prison; declared drowned in San Francisco Bay, their bodies are never found. 21 June - Rome: Napoli beat SPAL 2-1 and won their first Italian Cup.

July

1 July Burundi gains full independence after the country's first free elections. A referendum is held in Algeria for the country's independence from France.

August

United States: # 15 of Amazing Fantasy is released, in which Spider-Man makes his debut 5th August Actress Marilyn Monroe is found dead in her home in Brentwood, Los Angeles, of alleged overdose South Africa: Nelson Mandela is arrested by the government and charged with inciting rebellion. August 6: Jamaica becomes independent. August 16 Algeria joins the Arab League. birth of the Beatles August 17 - Berlin Wall: Peter Fechter is killed for trying to pass from East Berlin to West Berlin 21 August - Italy: the Irpinia earthquake causes 17 deaths and serious damage in the hinterland of Campania August 22 - France: failed attack on Charles De Gaulle August 27: NASA launches the Mariner 2 probe. August 31 - Trinidad and Tobago becomes independent.

September

September 2: the USSR agrees to send weapons to Cuba. September 8: the newly independent Algeria adopts a constitution. September 11 - Great Britain: The Beatles record their first single "Love Me Do". September 12 - USA: President John Fitzgerald Kennedy gives a speech at Rice University, Houston,

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