1992

Article

November 28, 2021

1992 (MCMXCII in Roman numerals) is a leap year of the 20th century.

Events

Inauguration of the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía in Madrid.

January

January 1st Russia makes independence from the Soviet Union official, which was declared dissolved six days earlier by its parliament. January 6 a bomb is detonated on the railway line just before the passage of the Lecce-Milan-Stuttgart express at Surbo. A massacre that could have disastrous consequences is avoided. The railway workers, without noticing anything, manage to overcome the chasm caused by the explosion of the bomb, avoiding the derailment of the train and saving the lives of about a thousand passengers. The Nagorno-Karabakh Republic is proclaimed an independent nation by the Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh. January 7: a UN helicopter is shot down by the Serbian federal army in Croatia: 4 Italian soldiers and a French officer die. January 9: Bosnian Serbs declare their republic within Bosnia-Herzegovina, to protest the decision of the Bosnians and Bosnian Croats. January 10 - Friendly Floatees: the sinking of the Ever Laurel spills 28,000 floatees (rubber toys for the tub) into the sea. Thanks to two oceanographers who follow their path, they are able to trace the ocean currents. January 13: Japan apologizes for forcing Korean women into sexual slavery during World War II. January 15: the dissolution of the Federative Socialist Republic of Yugoslavia begins. Slovenia and Croatia gain independence and international recognition from some Western countries. January 16 - El Salvador: officials and rebel leaders sign Chapultepec peace accords in Mexico City. January 18: In Nairobi, Kenya, more than 100,000 people demand the end of the single party by the Kenya African National Union. January 19 in the Bulgarian presidential elections, Zhelyu Zhelev, leader of the Union of Democratic Forces, wins. China's political leader Deng Xiaoping speaks in Shenzhen during his southern tour, declaring that China will soon be moving towards a free market economy. January 22 Rebel forces occupy Zaire's national radio in Kinshasa and broadcast a request for government resignation. STS-42: Roberta Lynn Bondar becomes the first Canadian woman in space, aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery. January 26 Boris Yeltsin announces that Russia will stop targeting cities in the United States and its allies with nuclear weapons. In return, George H. W. Bush announces that the United States and its allies will stop targeting Russia and Communist states with nuclear weapons. In Mauritania, security forces fire on opponents of Mauritanian President Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya, killing at least 5 people. January 27 - Nagorno Karabakh War: in the disputed territory of Nagorno-Karabakh, the fighting between Armenians and Azerbaijanis leaves at least 60 dead. January 28: The Ukrainian flag is created. January 29 - Rome: the report of the parliamentary commission on Gladio massacres defines the clandestine organization as an illegitimate structure, involved in the strategy of tension; the report will be approved on April 15 by PDS, Verdi, PSI and PRI. January 30 Rome: the First Section of the Supreme Court of Cassation pronounces the definitive sentence that closes the Palermo Maxi trial with 360 convicted out of 474 defendants. The sentences amount to 2,665 years in prison, 11 and a half billion lire in fines and 114 acquittals; 19 life sentences are also imposed on the main killers and mafia bosses including Michele Greco, Giuseppe Marchese, Salvatore Riina, Giuseppe Lucchese Miccichè and Bernardo Provenzano, some of whom in absentia and fugitives during the trials. North Korea signs an agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency which conse

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