August 9


November 28, 2021

August 9 is the 221st day of the Gregorian calendar (222th in leap years). There are 144 days to go until the end of the year.


48 BC - Roman Civil War: Battle of Pharsalus. Julius Caesar inflicts a decisive defeat on Pompey, who will later flee to Egypt. 378 - Battle of Adrianople: a military contingent made up of 40,000 infantry and cavalry, led by the Emperor Valens, is defeated by the Visigoths in today's Turkey (at the time of Thrace). Valens will perish that same day along with three quarters of the men he had led into battle. 1173 - Construction work on the Tower of Pisa begins in Pisa. According to the Pisan calendar, which began on March 25, it ran the year 1174 1339 - John I of Bohemia grants the emblem of the flaming eagle represented on the shield of St. Wenceslaus (patron saint of Bohemia) to Nicolò da Bruna, prince bishop of Trento, to unite the small army of the Principality of Trento under a single emblem 1382 - Trieste asks for the protection of the Duke of Austria, it is the beginning of a centuries-old bond 1564 - The Edict of Roussillon is issued by Charles IX of Valois, which establishes that the year should begin in France on January 1st; however, this decision will only be effectively implemented three years later 1842 Signing of the Webster-Ashburton Treaty, which delineates the border between the United States and Canada east of the Rocky Mountains A group of eight people led by the parish priest of Alagna Valsesia Giovanni Gnifetti reaches the Signal Kuppe for the first time, today Punta Gnifetti, at 4559 meters on Monte Rosa 1848 - The Amistice of Salasco is signed, in Vigevano, which puts an end to the first phase of the First Italian War of Independence 1862 - American Civil War: Battle of Cedar Mountain - At Cedar Mountain (Virginia) Confederate General Thomas Jonathan Jackson achieves a narrow victory over the Union forces led by General John Pope 1866 - Third Italian War of Independence: General Giuseppe Garibaldi sends the telegram of the Obedisk 1877 - Indian Wars: Battle of Big Hole - Near the Big Hole River in Montana, a small band of Pierced Nose Indians, who had refused government orders to move to a reservation, clashes with the US military. The army loses 29 soldiers, the Indians lose 89 men 1892 - Thomas Edison obtains the patent for the bidirectional telegraph 1902 - Edward VII is crowned king of the United Kingdom 1916 - Taking of Gorizia by the Italian Royal Army 1918 - 11 Ansaldo S.V.A. of D'Annunzio's 87th Serenissima aircraft squadron, launch posters on the capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, an undertaking that will go down in history as a flight over Vienna 1930 - Betty Boop makes her debut in the cartoon Dizzy Dishes 1931 - In Germany the plebiscite on the dissolution of the Prussian Landtag, to which the Nazis and Communists among others adhere, fails due to the failure to reach a quorum 1942: Mohandas Gandhi is arrested in Bombay by British forces Edith Stein is killed in Auschwitz 1945 - World War II: Atomic bombing of Nagasaki: An atomic bomb, code-named Fat Man, is dropped from the US B-29 BOCKSCAR over the city of Nagasaki, Japan, at 11:02 am (local time). It exploded at an altitude of 469 meters with a power equal to 22,000 tons of TNT, instantly killing 40,000 people (25,000-60,000 will be injured). It is estimated that another 40,000 people died from diseases caused by nuclear fallout and radiation 1965: A fire at the Titan base near Little Rock (Arkansas) kills 53 workers Singapore proclaims its independence from the Malaysian Federation 1967 - Vietnam War: Operation Cochise begins - US marines begin a new operation in the Que Son Valley 1969 - Members of a cape sect

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