2000s

Article

November 27, 2021

The 2000s, commonly called the 2000s, are the decade that includes the years 2000 to 2009 inclusive. At the turn of the second and third millennium, or the first decade of the 21st century, the short decade was defined for the speed of innovations in all sectors and for the virtually limited duration between 2001, with the collapse of the Twin Towers, and 2008, with the beginning of the economic-political crisis of the following decade.

Events, inventions and discoveries

2000

Concerns about the Millennium bug prove essentially unfounded. The beginning of the "2000s" (although it does not coincide with that of the third millennium) is greeted with great celebrations all over the planet. The United Nations General Assembly proclaims the decade 2000-2009 "International Decade for the Culture of Peace and Non-Violence". Bashar al-Assad succeeds his father Hafiz as president of Syria. The presidential election of November 7, 2000 in the United States saw Republican George W. Bush narrowly win against Democratic candidate Al Gore, although the latter won more votes. The Supreme Court establishes with a ruling Bush's victory also in Florida, the state where the results are most disputed. However, many contest the regularity of the elections. Mad cow disease, a disease that affects cattle fed with feed containing animal meal, is spreading throughout Europe. Beef consumption collapsed throughout the Old Continent. Crisis of the new economy. The domestic spread of the Internet begins.

2001

The clashes between Israelis and Palestinians continue. In August, the extremist Hamas group proclaims the second intifada. The G8 World Summit is held in Genoa (Italy) from 19 to 22 July, with many episodes of clashes between demonstrators and police forces and serious unrest within the city. On 21 July a young protester named Carlo Giuliani was killed by the Carabinieri, while he was trying to throw a fire extinguisher at a patrol of the Arma. According to Amnesty International, this is the "most serious suspension of democratic rights in a Western country since the Second World War". On 11 September, a group of Islamic terrorists affiliated with al-Qaeda (Al Qaeda) crashes two civilian planes into New York's Twin Towers, which will collapse within 102 minutes due to damage caused by the impacts and subsequent fires. Another plane is directed against the Pentagon while a fourth, which should have hit the White House or the Capitol, thanks to a revolt of the passengers does not reach its goal but crashes in a Pennsylvania meadow. 2 996 victims will be counted, plus another 3 000 in the following years due to the fumes and toxic debris given off by the collapse of the towers, which contained hundreds of tons of asbestos. America and the whole West are in shock. Fear of terrorism is spreading all over the world and massive security measures are being implemented in many countries. Swissair, the Swiss flag carrier, declares bankruptcy due to economic problems. The event is known as the Swissair Grounding. On 7 October Bush orders an attack on the Taliban regime which controls Afghanistan and which according to the White House is responsible for the attacks of 11 September. 8 October: a direct flight to Denmark collides with a Cessna on the Linate runway, killing over 100 people.

2002

On 1 January, the euro, the single currency, was introduced in 12 countries of the European Union (Italy, France, Austria, Germany, Spain, Portugal, Ireland, the Netherlands, Belgium, Finland, Greece, Luxembourg). The first Taliban detainees arrive at the American military base of Guantanamo, which rises off the Cuban coast. The prison is outside the jurisdiction of the US courts. In the following years, charges against the prison increase

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