Battle of Lewes

Article

May 25, 2022

The Battle of Lewes was one of the two major battles of the Second Barons' War. It took place in Lewes, Sussex, on May 14, 1264. It was the most successful point of Simon V of Montfort, Earl of Leicester, making him lord of England. The confrontation occurred due to the political conduct of Henry III of England, who refused to honor the terms of the Oxford Arrangements. The king was encamped at the Lewes Priory with an army of infantry while his son Edward commanded the cavalry about a mile north of Lewes Castle. A night march prevented the baronial forces, led by Montfort, from surprising Edoardo. The royalist armies, twice as large as those of the barons, were led by Edward during the night and the king's brother, Richard of Cornwall, on the left, while the king himself commanded the central part of the army. Having led his men out of the castle to join the enemy, Edward achieved some initial successes, but naively pursued an enemy contingent that retreated north, sacrificing many of the hopes of victory. Meanwhile, Simon V defeated the rest of the royalist army under Richard. The latter decided to retire to the Lewes Priory, but could not reach it, so he hid in a mill, where he was later captured. Eventually, all three members of the royal house were captured and imprisoned.

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Bibliography

Alfred Burne, The Battlefields of England, London, Penguin, 2002 [1950], ISBN 0141390778. Michael Prestwich, Edward I, London, Methuen London, 1988, ISBN 0413281507.

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External links

(EN) Battle of Lewes, in Encyclopedia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.