Buddhist calendar

Article

November 30, 2021

The Buddhist calendar is the lunisolar calendar used for holidays in Buddhist communities and particularly widespread in the countries of Theravada Buddhism: Thailand, Burma, Sri Lanka, Cambodia and Laos. The Buddhist calendar originates from the third century calendar described in the Indian treatise Surya Siddhanta The months are alternately 30 and 29 days, with a leap month (adhikamasa) added every 19 years and 11 leap days (adhikavara) added over 57 days. years. The average year thus turns out to be 365.25875 days, slightly longer than the sidereal year and considerably longer than the tropical year.

The months

The years

The counting of the years originates from the moment of the historical Buddha's parinirvāṇa in Kuśīnagar from which the current era originates: the Buddhasakarat. Currently this date is set in the Theravada countries at 543 BC. therefore, missing the year zero in the Gregorian calendar, he must add 544 to the Julian year number to obtain the corresponding Buddhist year. In Thailand and China, on the other hand, 543 must be added.

Notes

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