Claude Chabrol


July 3, 2022

Claude Chabrol (Paris, June 24, 1930 - Paris, September 12, 2010) was a French director, screenwriter, actor and film critic. He is considered, together with Truffaut, Godard, Rivette, Rohmer, one of the founding fathers of the Nouvelle Vague.


The son of a pharmacist, Yves Chabrol and Madeleine Delarbre, Chabrol approaches the seventh art at a very young age working as a projectionist in a small village. After studying political science, he became a critic of the Cahiers du cinéma (in 1957 he published a book on Alfred Hitchcock with Éric Rohmer) until, in 1958, he founded a film production house together with Jacques Rivette. In that same year, he participated in the birth of the French Nouvelle Vague with his debut film, Le beau Serge, considered the first film of the movement, to be followed by I cousins ​​(1959), which will win the Golden Bear at the Festival Berlin International Film Festival. His first films, Le beau Serge and I cousini (1958-1959), which made critics rejoice, however, did not thrill the public, who discovered his talent only in the sixties with more commercial films such as The tiger loves fresh meat. , whose screenplay is also written by Stéphane Audran, his second wife (the first was Agnès Marie-Madeleine Goute). Other films of the same tenor followed (Landru, 1963; Les biches, 1968), until the director managed to win a license of consistency and morality as an analyst of the provincial bourgeoisie (from Stéphane, an unfaithful wife, 1968, and Il cutthroats, 1970, to The family friend, 1973). In the seventies he meets the actress Isabelle Huppert, who becomes one of the director's favorite performers. Those years will be years of change for Claude Chabrol. The director not only changes many of his collaborators, but embarks on his career as a television film and works from major co-productions. He then reserved for television a series of William Irish's Unusual Mysteries, which influenced the objective style of A pleasure trip (1974), a crude marriage investigation, and Alice (1977), shot in the manner of Fritz Lang. He then made Violette Nozière (1978), Le cheval d'orgueil (1980), based on a novel by Pierre-Jakez Helias, Secret face (1986), The cry of the owl (1987), A business of women (1988), Happy days in Clichy (1990), Madame Bovary (1991), Betty (1992), Hell (1994). His notoriety abroad, however, comes above all with A Affair of Women (1988) and with his subsequent collaborations with Huppert, in particular with The Dark in the Mind, which is worth the Coppa Volpi for the best female interpretation to the muse of director and his partner, Sandrine Bonnaire. Again Isabelle Huppert was the protagonist of Rien ne va plus (1997) with Michel Serrault. In 1998 Chabrol made one of the best films of his long career, Il colore della menzogna, while in 2000 his Grazie per la cioccolata was presented out of competition at the Venice Film Festival. In 2003 he presented at the Berlin Film Festival Il fiore del male, based on Qui est criminelle ?, a novel by Caroline Eliacheff whose central theme is guilt as a hereditary disease. He presented the maid of honor (2004) and the innocence of sin (2007) out of competition in Venice. His films tell, often based on Georges Simenon's novels, a province whose apparent bourgeois conformism serves to cover a Pandora's box, full of vices and hatreds.




Where not expressly indicated, the direction is by Chabrol himself:




Angelo Moscariello, Claude Chabrol, Il Castoro Cinema n. 34, Il Castoro Publishing, 1977

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