Colin Powell

Article

November 30, 2021

Colin Luther Powell (New York, April 5, 1937 - Bethesda, October 18, 2021) was an American general and politician. Chief of the Joint Staff of the US Armed Forces from 1989 to 1993, he was the 65th Secretary of State of the United States under President George W. Bush (2001-2005), and the creator of the doctrine of the same name.

Biography

He was born to Jamaican parents who immigrated to the US. He first graduated from City College of New York, and later earned a master's degree in business administration from George Washington University.

Military career

He enlisted in the army, and from 1962, with the rank of captain, served in Vietnam in the 3rd Infantry Division. At the head of a South Vietnamese army unit, he tried to cut the Vietnam National Liberation Front guerillas from their social bases by burning villages in the A Shau Valley. This strategy was criticized as cruel and counterproductive by other American advisers, but he justified it in his memoirs published in 1995. In 1968, after the My Lai Massacre, he was put in charge of investigating what had happened. Powell wrote that relations between American soldiers and Vietnamese civilians were excellent, even though the massacre claimed the lives of 347 Vietnamese civilians. In 1970 he was promoted to lieutenant colonel. He entered a government post in 1972 as an assistant to Undersecretary Frank Carlucci. From 1976 to 1977 he commanded the 2nd Brigade of the 101st Airborne Division. In 1979 he was promoted to brigadier general. Then from 1981 he served as aide-de-camp to Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger under the presidency of Ronald Reagan, who assisted during the 1983 invasion of Grenada. In 1986 Powell assumed command of the V Corps in Frankfurt, Germany. Promoted to lieutenant general the following year, he served as US Deputy National Security Advisor with Frank Carlucci. From November 23, 1987 to January 20, 1989, he served as National Security Advisor under the Reagan presidency. His last military assignment took place from October 1, 1989 to September 30, 1993 as the 12th Chief of Joint Staff, appointed by President George Bush, the highest military position in the US Defense Department: at the age of 52, he became the officer youngest ever to have this post. During this time he "managed" 28 crises, including the US invasion of Panama in 1989 to "remove" General Manuel Noriega and Operation Desert Storm in the 1991 Gulf War.

Political career

In 1993 he retired from military life, devoting himself above all to political activity and the care of various non-profit organizations. In 1995, despite not being in the running, Powell won the New Hampshire Republican primary for the 1996 US Vice President. In 1997, Powell founded America's Promise with the goal of helping children of all socioeconomic backgrounds. Powell supported Bush for the presidency and spoke for him at the 2000 Republican National Convention. From 2001 to 2005, he held the position of United States Secretary of State during the presidency of George W. Bush. His most famous speech of himself was the one given at the United Nations Security Council on February 5, 2003 in New York, in which, shaking a vial containing white powder (anthrax), he denounced Iraq as a producer of weapons of destruction of mass. A month later Iraq was invaded: Powell's claims later turned out to be completely false, as he himself had to admit, although declaring himself a Republican, and being registered as such, he publicly declared his support in both the 2008 and 2012 presidential elections. in favor of the democratic candidate Barack Obama, thus attracting criticism from various esp

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