November 28, 2021

Compiègne / kõ'pjɛɲ / (in Picardy Compiène) is a French commune of 42,693 inhabitants located in the Oise department of the Haute-France region, seat of a sub-prefecture.

Physical geography

The town of Compiègne is located just downstream from the confluence of the Oise and Aisne rivers. It is located 88 km north of Paris. It is limited to the west by the Oise, to the east by the state-owned forest of Compiègne, to the north by the Aisne, while, to the south, the border with La Croix-Saint-Ouen is conventional.


In the Gallo-Roman era, Compiègne, whose Latin name was Compendium, meaning "shortcut", was a crossing point on the Oise (Isara) connected to the network of secondary roads at the border of the territories of the Bellovaci (Beauvais) and the Suessioni ( Soissons). The passage was located at the place known as "the closed of the roses". In the current city center, the excavations conducted have not discovered Gallo-Roman remains. There are the remains of some villas in the surrounding area, in particular at the location of the ford (certainly a military construction). Compiègne has been united with the Crown of France since the arrival of the Merovingians. Ragenfrido defeats the Austrasians in the forest of Cuise, near Compiègne (Battle of Compiègne) in 715. Oath of vassalage in 757 by Tassilone III of Bavaria to Pippin the Short. Assembly of Compiègne in 833, which allows Lothair to dismiss Louis the Pious, thanks to Ebbone, archbishop of Reims. The Treaty of Compiègne, in 868, grants Cotentin, Avranchin and the Anglo-Norman islands to Solomon of Brittany. On 2 January 876, the basilica of Notre-Dame, the future abbey of Saint-Corneille, was built by Charles the Bald, on the model of that of Aachen. The Compiègne Truce, in 884, stipulated between Carloman II and the Vikings. The Burgundians capture Joan of Arc on 23 May 1430 on the occasion of a sortie on the right bank of the Oise. 1624, the Treaty of Compiègne is stipulated between France and the Netherlands. 1770, Louis XV and the Dauphin of France welcome Marie Antoinette to the castle of Compiègne on the occasion of her arrival in France. The French Revolution processes and guillotine the Carmelite Beate girls of Compiègne, an episode that inspired Giorges Bernanos to write his work Dialogue des Carmélites. Arriving at the castle of Compiègne, on March 27, 1810, Napoleon Buonaparte and Maria Luisa of Habsburg-Lorraine decided to anticipate the times and consumed the first wedding night. Napoleon III often stayed at the castle during his visits. Compiègne organizes the golf trials for the 1900 Summer Olympics. In the state forest, in a railway carriage in the middle of a clearing near Rethondes, the signing of the Armistice of Compiègne on 11 November 1918 between France and Germany - which effectively concludes the First World War - in the presence of the marshal of France Ferdinand Foch and of General Maxime Weygand. In the same wagon, on June 22, 1940, the second armistice of Compiègne was signed between France, represented by the French delegation sent by Marshal Philippe Pétain, and Nazi Germany, represented by Adolf Hitler himself. During the German occupation, the Nazis set up a transit and internment camp in Royallieu which was active from June 1941 to August 1944. The first train of political deportees leaves the Royallieu camp for Auschwitz on 6 July 1942 .


Demographic evolution

Inhabitants surveyed

Monuments and places of interest

Compiègne Castle Town Hall, 16th century. Royal Parish of San Giacomo, XIII century. Church of Sant'Antonio, XIII century.


Municipality of departure of the classic Paris-Roubaix cycling race



Landshut, since 1962 Huy, since 1959 Raleigh (North Carolina), since 1989 Kiryat Tivon, since 1988 Arona, since 1962 Vianden, since 1964 Shirakawa, since 1988 Elb

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