National hero


November 27, 2021

The national hero is a historical or in some cases legendary character who has been recognized with qualities and characteristics by a national community. In some cases they are recognized as fathers of the Fatherland. National institutions pay tribute to its importance by honoring its actions and personality, dedicating city or toponymy names to it, naming schools or city parks in their honor, embossing them on banknotes, coins and stamps; recognizing their date of birth or death as a national holiday and erecting statues that represent them or transforming their home into a museum. Sometimes objects that remember them are marketed and their image becomes the subject of merchandising.


National heroes benefit from a majority, albeit subjective, cultural consensus in their own nation. Their titles of glory are related to the origins of the nation, of which they were often the first representation and for which they often sacrificed their lives. However, they do not have official recognition, but their cult is quite popular and traditional. Examples: Albania: Giorgio Castriota Scanderbeg, Çerçiz Topulli, Adem Jashari Algeria: Ahmed Ben Bella, Lalla Fadhma n'Soumer, Ali Ammar Argentina: José de San Martín Armenia: Andranik Toros Ozanian Bolivia: Simón Bolívar, Antonio José de Sucre Brazil: Tiradentes, Luís Alves de Lima and Silva, José Bonifácio de Andrada and Silva, Anita Garibaldi Bulgaria: Vasil Levski Chile: Bernardo O'Higgins, José Miguel Carrera, Manuel Rodríguez Erdoíza, Arturo Prat China: Zhang Xueliang, Mao Tse-tung Colombia: Simón Bolívar, Francisco de Paula Santander, Jorge Eliécer Gaitán Korea: Yi Sun-sin Cuba: José Martí Ecuador: Antonio José de Sucre, Simón Bolívar Philippines: José Rizal, Andrés Bonifacio, Emilio Aguinaldo, Apolinario Mabini, Benigno Aquino Jr. Finland: Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim France: Joan of Arc, Germany: Arminius Ghana: Kwame Nkrumah Greece: Alessandro Ypsilanti, Alexandros Panagulis, Lord Byron (moderns) Honduras: Fernando Soto Henríquez Indonesia: Gajah Mada, Adnan Kapau Gani, Slamet Rijadi, Ida Anak Agung Gde Agung and Moestopo England: Horatio Nelson, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, Charles George Gordon Iran: Mirza Kuchak Khan Ireland: Michael Collins Northern Ireland: William III of Orange Israel: Iosif Trumpeldor, Theodor Herzl, Hannah Szenes, Eli Cohen Italy: Giuseppe Garibaldi, Cesare Battisti Libya: Omar al-Mukhtar Macedonia: Alexander the Great Malaysia: Tunku Abdul Rahman Mexico: Pancho Villa, Benito Juárez, Cuauhtémoc Norway: Anna Colbjørnsen Peru: Miguel Grau Seminary, Simón Bolívar Poland: Tadeusz Kościuszko Romania: Stephen the Great, Michael the Brave, Vlad Țepeș (Dracula) Russia: Peter I of Russia, Alexander Nevsky, Ivan Susanin Scotland: William Wallace Syria: Yusuf al-'Azma Slovakia: Juraj Jánošík Spain: El Cid United States: George Washington, Benjamin Franklin South Africa: Nelson Mandela Switzerland: William Tell, Arnold von Winkelried Turkey: Mustafa Fehmi Kubilay, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Hungary: Stephen I of Hungary, Imre Nagy, Attila Ukraine: Stepan Bandera Uruguay: José Gervasio Artigas Venezuela: Simón Bolívar, Francisco de Miranda, José Antonio Páez Vietnam: Lê Lợi, Ho Chi Minh

Official national heroes and their commemorations

Afghanistan: Aḥmad Shāh Masʿūd Angola: Agostinho Neto, a national holiday on 17 September, the day of the birth North Korea: Kim Il-sung, a national holiday on April 15, the day of his birth Costa Rica: Juan Santamaría, a national holiday on April 11, the day of his death Czech Republic: Jan Hus, a national holiday on July 6, the day of death Saint Kitts and Nevis: Robert Bradshaw, a national holiday on September 16, the day of his birth United States: Martin Luther King, a public holiday on the third Monday in January Thailand: King Taksin, celebrated on December 28, a

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