George Lucas

Article

May 25, 2022

George Walton Lucas Jr. (Modesto, May 14, 1944) is an American director, screenwriter, film producer and editor. He was the owner of a film holding company, Lucasfilm, and also a major toy and video game entrepreneur. He is the creator of the Star Wars and Indiana Jones film sagas and wrote and directed the cult films The Man Who Escaped from the Future (reworking of a project submitted for his graduation thesis) and American Graffiti. Four-time Oscar nominee (1973 for Best Director and Best Original Screenplay for American Graffiti, and in the same categories, five years later, for Star Wars: Episode IV - A New Hope, then known simply as Star Wars), he was awarded the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Oscar in 1992. For A New Hope he won Best Picture at the 1978 Evening Standard British Film Awards and two Saturn Awards in the same year (Best Director and Best Original Screenplay); for his second sequel, Return of the Jedi, he won the Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Performance in 1983, repeating success in 1990 for Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade. He also won an Empire Award for Best Sci-Fi / Fantasy in 2005 for Star Wars: Episode III - Revenge of the Sith and was awarded the Razzie Award for Worst Screenplay for Star Wars: Episode II - Attack of the clones in 2002. George Lucas is generally considered the creator of modern cinema, having founded Industrial Light & Magic, currently one of the most famous and important companies in the field of digital special effects. He was in fact a member of the movie brats, a movement that contributed to the birth of the New Hollywood of the seventies. Lucas has often entrusted to others, Spielberg in the first place, the task of bringing his creations to the screen, dedicating himself, for most of the time, to working behind the scenes on stories and characters, on parallel and credible worlds, on ecosystems in which the protagonists could live as real people. According to the site Mymovies.it, Forbes magazine estimates his fortune at $ 6.9 billion.

Biography

Youth

He was born in Modesto, California, the son of Dorothy Ellinore Bomberger and George Walton Lucas Sr., owner of a convenience store. During the 1960s, he studied film in Los Angeles, at the University of Southern California, one of the first universities to have a course dedicated to film. During that time he made several short films, including a science fiction one called THX 1138, which would later become his first feature film, The Man Who Escaped from the Future.

Seventies and eighties

After graduating, he was the co-founder, along with Francis Ford Coppola, of the American Zoetrope studio, with which he intended to create a free environment, which would allow directors to direct outside of what was perceived as the oppressive control of the Hollywood majors. . The American Zoetrope was never really successful, in fact, Lucas' commercial fortune came with the film American Graffiti and especially with Star Wars in 1977, the latter an idea that he already had since 1971 when he completed the work of his film The Man who fled from the future. Star Wars had two sequels: The Empire Strikes Back in 1980 and Return of the Jedi in 1983, thanks to which Lucas was able to set up his own studio, Lucas Film, in Marin County, California. Skywalker Sound and Industrial Light and Magic, the divisions dealing respectively with sound effects and visual effects, became known in their respective fields of expertise. LucasFilm Games, later renamed LucasArts, has been active in the video game industry. Lucas was fined by the Director's Guild of America (DGA), the Association of American Directors, of