Journalist

Article

November 28, 2021

The journalist is a professional in the information sector; he takes care of discovering, analyzing, describing and choosing news and then spreading it. The journalist's own activity is called journalism. The journalist writes articles, surveys (or reports) or editorials for periodical newspapers or press agencies, which are published in the mass media (print media, radio, television, internet).

Regulations

Austria

In Austria the profession of journalist is not regulated by law and anyone who carries it out has the right to define himself as such. There is no order. There is a trade union and associations to which you have the right to join to protect your profession.

Belgium

In Belgium it is regulated by a law of 30 December 1963 which established a recognized and protected professional title for those who do journalism by profession, whether employed or self-employed. There is a commission, appointed by royal decree, which grants the title of professional journalist. The Ministry of the Interior then grants the Carte de presse.

Denmark

In Denmark the profession of journalist is not regulated by law and anyone who carries it out has the right to define themselves as such. There is no order. There is a trade union, the Press Federation (Dansk Journalistforbund), which you can join to protect your profession.The training of journalists in the vast majority of cases takes place through universities, in particular through the University of Ahrus. Union membership is also allowed while you are a student.

France

In France it is regulated by the state. The professional card (Carte de presse) is awarded by a body appointed on the basis of a government decree. The main source of the journalist's professional system is a law of 29 March 1935, the articles of which are included in the Labor Code.

Finland

In Finland the profession of journalist is not regulated by law and anyone who carries it out has the right to define themselves as such. There is no order. There is a trade union, the Union of Finnish Journalists, which you can join to protect your profession.

Germany

In Germany, the profession of journalist is not regulated by law and anyone who carries it out has the right to define himself as such.If you want to obtain a journalist's card, you must register with the relevant justifications in terms of production and salary in one of the trade associations.

Greece

In Greece, the profession of journalist is not regulated by law and anyone who carries it out has the right to define themselves as such. There is no order. There are some trade union associations of journalists, the largest of which is "The Union of Journalists of Athens Newspapers".

Italy

Unlike most of the other states, in Italy the activity of the journalist has been regulated since 1925, with the establishment of the Register of Journalists. With the law of February 3, 1963, n. 69; A professional order has been established, the Order of Journalists, to which all those who practice journalism, both as a profession and as a secondary activity, are obliged to register. The register of journalists is divided into two lists: professional journalists; freelance journalists. The first are those who exercise the profession of journalist exclusively and continuously; the second are those who carry out occasional and paid journalistic activities even if they carry out other professions or jobs. Only those who have carried out at least 18 months of internship in an editorial office under the direction of other professionals can become professional journalists. Subsequently they must pass a written and oral state exam; by law the examining commission must be chaired

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