HNLMS Amsterdam (1993)
HNLMS Amsterdam was a team refueler in service with Koninklijke Marine between 2 September 1995 and 4 December 2014. Replaced by Den Helder, she was sold to the Peruvian Navy where, re-designated ARL-158 Tacna, she is still in service.
With a view to replacing the now aging Poolster team supplier, in October 1991 the Dutch Royal Navy ordered the construction of two new units, the first of which was named A-836 Amsterdam. The ship's design was the result of a joint effort between the Nevesbu and EN Bazàn (later IZAR, later Navantia) design offices, and the Spanish Royal Navy also ordered the construction of a third unit, the Patiño, with a slightly modified design. The construction of the second unit for the Dutch navy was later canceled. The hull of the Amsterdam was built at BY Merwede shipyard in Hardinxveld, the Netherlands, with the keel set on May 25, 1992, and the unit was launched on September 11, 1993. The hull was then transferred to the Royal Schelde shipyard. in Vlissingen to be completed, and Amsterdam began sea trials on 3 April 1995. The ship was accepted by Koninklijke Marine on 10 July 1995 and officially entered service on 2 September 1995.
The Amsterdam has a displacement of 17,040 tons, and is 165.84 meters long (156.00 meters waterline), 23.70 meters wide (22.00 meters waterline) and has a draft of 8.00 meters. of merchant navy units, but military systems are in place to counter damage from nuclear, biological and chemical attacks. The propulsion system is composed of two IZAR / Burmeister & Wain 16V 40/45 diesel engines with a power of 19,570 kilowatts (26,240 shp), driving a single 5.7-meter diameter LIPS five-blade adjustable pitch propeller. the maximum achievable speed is 21 knots (39 km / h; 24 mph) with a continuous speed of 20 knots (37 km / h; 23 mph). The range of her is 13,440 nautical miles (24,890 km; 15,470 mi) at 20 knots and the unit can remain at sea for 30 days. The Amsterdam is equipped with four IZAR / Burmeister & Wain generators of 1,000 kW (1,300 hp) for the production of electricity. The crew consists of 23 officers and 137 non-commissioned officers and sailors, and there are a further 70 spare berths. The complement of aviation personnel is 24 people, included in the total number of the crew. The ship was designed to have a maximum of 20% of its crew made up of women. Her armament consists of two 20mm Oerlikon guns and a CIWS Signaal Goalkeeper system with 7 30mm rotating barrels. The 20mm guns were later removed and replaced by two 12.7mm (0.50 inch) Browning M2 machine guns in single installations. There are also 2 Loral Hycor SRBOC Mk.36 chaff / flares launchers, and a QL-25 Nixie trailed torpedo system. The electronic equipment included 1 Ferranti AWARE-4 airborne discovery radar, two surface search radars and control of the Kelvin Hughes helicopter. The ship could also be used for antisubmarine operations as it was equipped with hangars (for two helicopters) and an aft flight deck from which up to three Westland Lynx SH-1 or two AgustaWestland AW101, Westland Sea King or NHIndustries NH90 helicopters could operate. The transport capacity was 10,300 deadweight tons (DWT). The ship's typical cargo consisted of 6,700 tonnes of diesel fuel, 1,600 tonnes of aviation fuel, 178.8 tonnes of fresh water, 180.9 tonnes of ammunition, 18.6 tonnes of sonoboe, 83.3 tonnes of supplies and 9 t of spare parts. The ship also had repair shops to maintain the fleet. For the refueling of the other units there were two fuel refueling stations on each side, installed amidships, and one station