November 27, 2021
The hamburger is a stuffed bun whose origins are claimed by the United States and Germany.
Among the best-known fast food dishes in the world, it consists of a bun, a hamburger proper, sauces and condiments. Additional ingredients that are used to flavor the burger include cheese, lettuce, tomato, onion, pickle, bacon, chili, or sauces like ketchup, mustard, and mayonnaise.
There are multiple versions that explain the origins of the burger. According to some, it derives from the Hamburg minced meatball of the same name, which was sandwiched between two slices of brioche and eaten by workers in Germany who needed a rich and nutritious meal. The beef sandwich was also served on board the ships of the German HAPAG, which connected the ports of Hamburg with those of New York. The continued landings of the Germans on American soil during the nineteenth century made the dish a famous food in New York, where it was prepared by street vendors.According to other sources, it was Frank and Charles Menches who introduced the burger sandwich to the USA . The two claimed to have sold ground beef sandwiches at the Erie County fair, which was held in 1885 in Hamburg, New York. During the event, while serving pork sausage sandwiches, they ran out of meat, and decided to make snacks using beef, which they bought from a butcher named Andew Klein (according to Joseph Streamer, the beef came from the market instead. by Stein). Therefore, according to this theory, the name of the sandwich derives from the place where it was created, namely Hamburg, and not from the city of Hamburg. A variant of this theory reported in Frank Menches' obituary of the New York Times, says that these events instead occurred at the Summit County Fair in Akron. With the advent of the consumer society, the sandwich began to be served in restaurant chains. . The first to sell burgers for large-scale distribution was White Castle in 1921. McDonald's and Burger King began producing them in 1952 and 1954 respectively.
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(EN) Hamburger, in Encyclopedia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.