Wednesday is the day of the week between Tuesday and Thursday, from the Latin Mercurĭi dies, "day of Mercury", god of trade, commerce and communications.
Wednesdays in culture and tradition
Central hub of the week, Wednesday among the ancient Romans was the most suitable day to devote to trade and negotiation with suppliers and administrators. Placed under the influence of the planet Mercury, it was therefore a favorable day for everything related to relationships, language and expressiveness, as it still is today in the field of magic and astrology, but also favorable to study of the sciences, especially occult, intelligence, shrewdness, speed, fraud and gambling.According to the biblical tradition, God created the two luminaries, the Sun and the Moon, on the fourth day of Genesis, that is on Wednesday.
In the Middle Ages, as can be seen from the Hall of Liberal Arts and Planets of Palazzo Trinci in Foligno, the qualities of Wednesday corresponded to childishness between the seven ages of human life, and to the dialectic between the sciences. Among the seven planetary archangels, Wednesday is ruled by Raphael.
Names in other languages
Considering Sunday as the first day of the week, Wednesday divides it in two. This meaning of intermediation and connection can be found in the names attributed to it in Germanic languages such as German (Mittwoch, literally "mid-week") and Icelandic (miðvíkudagur); in Slavic languages such as Czech (středa, from střed, meaning "center") and Slovak (streda); and in Finno-Ugric languages such as Finnish (keskiviikko, from keski "center" and viikko "week") and Hungarian (szerda, of Slavic etymology). The English Wednesday derives from the Celtic-Germanic divinity Woden (Odin).
Ash Wednesday marks the first day of Lent in many Christian churches (but not in the Catholic churches of the Ambrosian rite). The holiday falls on the day after Shrove Tuesday, or Carnival Tuesday.
The expression "Black Wednesday" refers to September 16, 1992 when the Italian lira and the British pound were forced out of the EMS, as a result of a financial speculation from which the financier George Soros mainly profited.
Sequence of the days of the week
Wikiquote contains quotes on Wednesday
Wiktionary contains the dictionary lemma «Wednesday»
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(EN) Wednesday, in Encyclopedia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.