Montreal Metro, known as le Métro de Montréal, is the metro that serves the Canadian city of Montréal, in the province of Québec. It has an extension of about 66 km, spread over 4 lines with 68 stations. It is among the busiest in the country, carrying an average of more than one million passengers per day on working days. The metro system was inaugurated in 1966 and is managed by the Société de transport de Montréal (STM). Many architectural elements are inspired by the Paris metro, and other French metros such as those of Lyon and Marseille.
The first plans for the construction of the Montreal metro date back to 1910, but it was necessary to wait until 1962 before the works began, which were carried out in view of the 1967 Universal Exposition. The first section, comprising 28 stations on two distinct lines , was inaugurated in 1966.
A new impetus to the expansion of the subway was given by the assignment of the 1976 Olympic Games to the Canadian city. Over the years there have been other expansions of the network, the last of which occurred in 2007, which brought the overall extension to more than 65 km and with a total of 68 stations.
As of 2012, the metro network consists of four lines:
The four lines are characterized by both a color and a number. The busiest line is the orange one, while the one with fewer passengers is the blue one. The shortest line is the yellow one which consists of only three stops and was built for the 1967 Expo. The metro usually runs from 5:30 in the morning until 1:00 at night, except for the blue line which closes at about 12:15, due to the lower flow of passengers
Configuring the stations
The design of the subway was heavily influenced by the winter weather conditions of the city of Montreal. Unlike other metros, in Montreal almost all station entrances are located behind the sidewalk and usually completely enclosed in small, separate buildings or buildings without a facade. These are equipped with butterfly revolving doors to mitigate the wind caused by the movements of the train which can make the doors difficult to open. The whole system passes underground and some stations are directly connected with the buildings, making the subway an integral part of the underground city.
The network has 68 stations, of which four serve as links between the metro lines, and five are connected to the commuter rail network. These were mostly named after the streets adjacent to them.The average distance between stations is 950 meters, with a city center minimum of 296 meters between Peel and McGill stations and a maximum of 2, 36 kilometers between the stations of Berri-UQUAM and Jean-Drapeau. The average depth of the stations is 15 meters. The deepest station on the network, Charlevoix, has its own direct Honoré-Beaugrand platform located 29.6 meters underground. The shallowest stations are Angrignon and the Longueuil-Université-de-Sherbrook terminus 4.3 meters below the surface. The platforms, 152.4 meters long and at least 3.8 meters wide, are positioned on both sides of the tracks except at Lionel-Groulx, Snowdon and Jean-Talon stations, where they overlap to facilitate transfers between lines in certain directions. The stations of Charlevoix and De l'Église are designed with overlapping platforms for technical reasons, the bedrock of the area had become too fragile for a larger station. The terminus of future extensions could be equipped with central platforms to accommodate a ring.
Architectural design and public art
The Montreal Metro is renowned for its arch design