Electronic music

Article

August 19, 2022

By electronic music we mean all that music produced or modified through the use of electronic instruments. 1940s, when several recording studios in Europe specialized in the composition of avant-garde music spread. During the 1960s, the commercial success of electronic instruments such as Moog synthesizers helped give electronic music its first moments of notoriety. In the following decades we have seen a progressive improvement of electronic technologies and the proliferation of innumerable variations of electronic music and styles ranging from the most commercial to those that are more difficult to use. Electronic music today enjoys a widespread notoriety and has contaminated almost every genre of popular music.

History

The 19th century and the first tools

During the second half of the nineteenth century, the invention of the phonograph, first with a roller and then with a disk, introduced the possibility of recording sounds, reproducing them and modifying them. As a consequence of this invention various currents of experimentation will open up which will later be based on the national radio stations of the respective countries. The first electronic instrument that was ever built was the telharmonium (also known as a dynamophone). Invented in 1897 by Thaddeus Cahill, it was equipped with an organ console. Its enormous size and lack of practicality were the main reasons why it turned out to be a commercial failure.

The twentieth century and technological evolution

At the beginning of the twentieth century the triode (or audion) was invented, considered the first thermionic tube.In 1919 Lev Theremin built the musical instrument of the same name. Consisting of two antennas capable of controlling frequency and volume respectively, this electrophone produced sounds similar to those of the human voice. Without a physical control interface, it exploits a defect in the beat oscillator according to which as a body approaches or moves away it changes its oscillation frequency; by moving the performer's hands near the two antennas it is possible to control the height and intensity of a sound. In 1928 the wave martenot was invented (also known as "ondes martenot" and "ondes musicales"). simple to use. It was the first electronic device to have a notable diffusion and to establish itself in a relatively lasting way. A few years later Friedrich Trautwein invented the trautonium, an instrument that introduced some simplifications in the use of electronic equipment.During the 1930s, the first electronic instruments capable of emulating the sounds of the orchestra were built, such as the clavioline (1947). the forties were built the very first models of synthesizers. In the early fifties the production of transistors increased, which replaced the thermionic tubes in the control of electric current. Thanks to their small size, their greater practicality, and their reduced costs, transistors revolutionized the entire electronics industry, and were consequently used in an ever-increasing number of electronic equipment. In 1965, the first integrated circuits were invented that could include numerous transistors within them. During the 1950s, engineers Herbert Belar and Henry Olsen invented the Mark I RCA Synthesizer and its "successor" Mark II RCA Synthesizer. The latter model included the first complete electronic sound production system and had a decent range of options that I could