Shipwreck of the Costa Concordia
The sinking of the Costa Concordia was a "typical" maritime accident that occurred on Friday 13 January 2012.
Set sail from the port of Civitavecchia to Savona for the last leg of the "Profumo d'agrumi" cruise, at 21:45:07 the aforementioned ship, owned by the shipping company Costa Cruises (of the Carnival group) and commanded by Francesco Schettino, having reached the waters of the Tuscan archipelago near the island of Giglio, struck the group of rocks known as delle Scole, reporting the opening of a leak about 36 meters long on the left side of the hull. the abrupt interruption of navigation, a strong heeling and the consequent grounding on the rocky step of the shallow seabed overlooking Punta Gabbianara, north of Giglio Porto, followed by the partial submersion of the ship.
The fact caused the death of 32 people including passengers and crew members and, in the subsequent trial, Commander Schettino was sentenced to 16 years in prison.
The tragedy constitutes one of the most serious maritime accidents in Italian history; the Costa Concordia was the ship with the highest tonnage in history to have been the victim of a shipwreck.
Dynamics of the claim
The route and the impact with the rocks
The ship sailed from the port of Civitavecchia at 6:57 pm on January 13, 2012, for the last leg of the "Profumo d'agrumi" cruise in the Mediterranean Sea, with 4 229 people on board (3 216 passengers and 1 013 crew members ). The cruise provided that the ship, after leaving Savona, would call at the ports of Marseille, Barcelona, Palma de Mallorca, Cagliari, Palermo and Civitavecchia, before returning to Savona. Leaving the port of Civitavecchia at 7:18 pm with a speed of 15.5 knots, the ship then took the route 302 ° and a speed of 16 knots, following the route usually traveled by the company's ships in the stretch from Civitavecchia to Savona. At 21:04, at the point of latitude 42 ° 18 ', 9258 north and longitude 011 ° 09', 6008 east, the ship left the usual course assuming that of 278 ° with a speed of 15.5 knots for a maneuver of close passage (known as "bow") under the island of Giglio, foreseen before departure and requested, according to what was deposited by the commander Schettino, by the maître Antonello Tievoli, owner of a house on the island.
Near the island, being on a collision course, the ship would have had to head north to resume normal navigation parallel to the coast. At 21:36 the first mate Ciro Ambrosio ordered the helmsman Jacob Rusli Bin to take course 290 °. Subsequently, the captain Schettino, having gone up to the bridge at 21:34, shortly after having had a brief telephone conversation on the depth of the seabed with the retired captain Mario Terenzio Palombo, at 21:39, took over the navigation. He immediately ordered a course of 300 ° and a speed of 16 knots, and, half a minute later, a course of 310 ° and then 325 ° in order to continue the approach for the approach to the island of Giglio for the salute. At 9:42 pm and 9:43 pm Schettino ordered a course 330 ° and then in rapid succession 335 °, 340 ° and 350 °, to pass in front of the town of Giglio Porto, keeping as far below the coast as possible and emitting whistles of greeting.
The ship thus reached 450 meters from the rocks, a distance which then dropped to 160 meters; at 21:44:14, in position 42 ° 21'.1991 N and 010 ° 55'.9146 E, the captain, realizing that he was too close to the island and out of the intended course, ordered to pull over with the rudder for 10 ° to starboard, after 4 seconds for 20 ° to starboard, and, at 21:44:21, ordered "hard to starboard" (all the tiller to starboard). At 21:44:37, having noticed that the stern was in danger of colliding with the rocks if the starboard approach was continued, he ordered tiller in the center to stop the maneuver, then (21:44:44) to give rudder for 10 ° and then (21:44:46) for 20th as