Organ (musical instrument)

Article

November 27, 2021

The organ (from the Greek ὄργανον òrganon, "organ, instrument"), in music, is a keyboard instrument formed by one or more divisions of pipes or other means to produce sounds, each played with its own keyboard or pedal .

History

The organ is an ancient musical instrument, dating back to the time of Ctesibius of Alexandria (285-222 BC), inventor of the hydraulic organ. It has been played throughout the ancient Greek-Roman world, especially during competitions and games. During the Early Middle Ages it spread from the Byzantine Empire, where it continued to be used in court (non-religious) music, to Western Europe, where it gradually assumed a prominent place in the liturgy of the Catholic Church. It later re-emerged as a secular and recitative instrument in the classical music tradition.

Type of body

There are various types of organ, which are classified differently, in the Hornbostel-Sachs system, depending on how sound is produced: pipe organ (HS code 421.222.11 + 422.122): combination of labial pipes and double reed pipes pump organ (HS code 412.132): free reed aerophone harmonium (compressed air organ) organ with aspirated air electronic organ (HS code 52): electromechanical musical instrument Hammond organ Hydraulic organ The structure in which the musical part (pipes, keyboard, etc.) of the instrument is inserted and supported, in the vast majority of cases in wood, is called a buffet.

Notes

Other projects

Wikiquote contains quotes about the organ Wikimedia Commons contains images or other files about the organ

External links

òrgano (music), on Sapienza.it, De Agostini. (IT, DE, FR) Organ, on hls-dhs-dss.ch, Historical Dictionary of Switzerland. (EN) Organ, in Encyclopedia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Organ, in Catholic Encyclopedia, Robert Appleton Company.

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