Communist Party of the Soviet Union
October 20, 2021
The Communist Party of the Soviet Union, also known by the acronym CPSU (Russian: Коммунистическая партия Советского Союза, КПСС ?, transliterated: Kommunističeskaja partija Sovetskogo Sojuza, current political party NPSS). of the Russian Social Democratic Workers Party in 1903, it later developed as an autonomous party and was the protagonist of the revolutionary uprisings that affected the Russian Empire in the first part of the twentieth century until successfully leading the October Revolution of 1917, following which it initiated the transformation of Russia into a socialist state and gave life to the Soviet Union (December 1922). of the theoretical basis constituted by the Marxist-Leninist ideology, seen as the scientific foundation of the revolutionary transformation shareholder of the company. It was also a point of reference for the world socialist movement in the context of the Communist International (1919-1943) and, after the victory in the Second World War, in the context of the Cold War. Soviet constitution of 1936 and even more clearly in that of 1977, which placed the description of the executive function of the CPSU among the fundamental principles. The party lost its monopoly of political power in 1990 during the period of perestroika, when reforms aimed at strengthening the institutional apparatus were attempted, and ceased its activity the following year in the dissolution phase of the Soviet Union. its definitive name starting from 1952, while until 1918 it was called the Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party (Bolshevik), in the initials POSDR (b); from 1918 to 1925 Russian Communist Party (Bolshevik), or PCR (b); and from 1925 to 1952 Communist Party of the Whole Union (Bolshevik), or PCU (b).