November 27, 2021
Patron (in Latin patronus "protector", from pater father) was in ancient Rome a citizen of a certain authority, generally patrician, so called because of the link, called patronage, that is, protection, which he had with the clientes .
Dionysius of Halicarnassus traces the establishment of the relationship between cliens and patronus to Romulus, who after having divided the Roman people into Patricians and Plebeians, defined a hierarchical relationship, attributing the patronage of the Plebeians to the Patricians. The Patrons had to instruct the clientes on the laws of the city, representing them in court, both when they were treated as victims and as accused.
Wiktionary contains the dictionary lemma «patronus»
patron, in Dictionary of History, Institute of the Italian Encyclopedia, 2010.