Peter I of Béarn

Article

November 28, 2021

Pietro di Gabarret (in Spanish Pedro, Catalan Pere, French Pierre and Occitan Pèr; c. 1119 - 1053) was viscount of Béarn from 1147 to his death.

Origin

Peter of Gabarret, according to the Cartulaire de Sainte Foi de Morlaas was the male child of the Viscountess of Béarn, Guiscarda, and of the Viscount of Gabarret, Peter of Gabarret known as "Soriquers", who, according to document No. XXVIII of the Cartulaires du Chapitre de l'église métropolitaine Sainte-Marie d'Auch, was the son of the viscount of Gabarret, Pietro Ruggero and his second wife, Agnes. According to La Vasconie. Tables Généalogiques, Guiscarda di Béarn was the daughter of the Viscount of Béarn, Gaston III and of the Viscountess of Montaner, Talese d'Aragona, who, again according to La Vasconie. Tables Généalogiques, she was the daughter of Count d'Ayvar and Xavierre, Sancho Ramírez and his second wife, a descendant of the Viscounts of Montaner, whose name we do not know.

Biography

Peter is mentioned, for the first time, in the document n ° VI of the Cartulaire de Sainte Foi de Morlaas, dated 1135, concerning a donation to the church in question made by his mother, the viscountess Guiscarda, together with Pietro (Guiscarda vicecomitissa Bearnensis et Gavarrensis et ego Petrus filius eius). Her mother, Guiscarda, in 1134, had succeeded her brother, Centullo VI, in the viscount of Bearn, being already viscountess of Gabarret as widow of Peter of Gabarret known as "Soriquers". In 1147, Guiscarda abdicated in favor of her son, Pietro, who was the viscount Pietro I. According to Vizcondes de Gabarret y Brulhois, Peter, who had taken part in the siege of Fraga, in 1134, continued to fight the Moors, alongside the kings of Aragon, and in 1149, by the prince of Aragon, Raimondo Berengario IV of Barcelona , received the lordship of the cities of Huesca and Bespen. Pietro I died, in 1153, and his mother, Guiscarda became regent for her nephew, Gastone V, still a minor. Her mother, Guiscarda died in April 1154, and the protection of Peter I's son, Gastone V, was entrusted to the Count of Barcelona, ​​Gerona, Osona and Cerdagna and King of Aragon, Raimondo Berengario IV of Barcelona.

Marriage and descent

According to La Vasconie. Tables Généalogiques, Pietro, in 1145, had married Matella of Baux (1125 - 1175), daughter of Raimondo I of Baux, Italianized in Raimondo I del Balzo, 4th lord of Les Baux, and of Stefanetta of Provence, younger sister of Sweet of Carlat, and daughter of the Viscount of Millau, of Gévaudan, and of Carlat, Gilberto I of Gévaudan and of the Countess of Provence, Gerberga (as confirmed by the Notes of the Histoire Générale de Languedoc, Tome II). Matella di Baux, after being widowed in 1155, had married Centullo, future Count of Bigorre and viscount of Marsan. Pietro di Gabarret da Matella di Baux had two children: Gastone, Viscountess of Béarn; Maria, Viscountess of Béarn.

Notes

Bibliography

Primary sources

(LA) Cartulaires du Chapitre de l'église métropolitaine Sainte-Marie d'Auch, National Library of France. Retrieved November 23, 2021. (LA) Cartulaire de Sainte Foi de Morlaas. Retrieved November 23, 2021.

Historiographical literature

(FR) Histoire générale de Languedoc, tomus II, National Library of France. Retrieved November 23, 2021. (FR) THE VASCONIE. Retrieved November 23, 2021. (FR) Histoire générale de Languedoc, Notes, tomus II, National Library of France. Retrieved November 23, 2021.

Related items

Gabarret Viscounts of Béarn

External links

(ES) Bearn, on euskomedia.org, Auñamendi Entziklopedia. Retrieved November 23, 2021. (EN) Vicomtes de Bearn 1134-1173 (GABARRET) - PIERRE de Gabarret, on fmg.ac, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. Retrieved November 17, 2021. (EN) VICOMTES de GABARRET- PIERRE de Gabarret, on fmg.ac, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. Retrieved November 17, 2021. (CA)

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