November 28, 2021

The United Kingdom, officially the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (in English United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland; abbreviated to UK, / juːˈkeɪ /; Italian abbreviation RU), is an island state in Western Europe with a population of approximately 68 million inhabitants. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was born with the Act of Union of 1800 which united the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland. Much of Ireland then separated in 1922 to form the Irish Free State. Unitary state, currently made up of four constituent nations (Home Nations: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland), it is governed by a parliamentary system, with London as its capital and seat of government. It is often improperly called Great Britain or England, when in reality the term Great Britain indicates a geographical territory (the largest island) and the term England indicates only one of the four nations that make up the kingdom. Western Northern Europe surrounded to the east by the North Sea, to the south by the English Channel and to the west by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man are dependencies of the British Crown, but they are not part of the UK. Great Britain is the island comprising most of the territory of England, Wales and Scotland. The British Isles, on the other hand, are the archipelago comprising Great Britain, Ireland, the Isle of Man, the Isle of Wight, the Orkney Islands, the Hebrides, the Shetland Islands, the Channel Islands and other smaller islands. It also consists of fourteen overseas territories that make up the remnants of the British Empire, such as Anguilla, Bermuda, the British Antarctic Territory, the British Indian Ocean Territory, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, the Falkland Islands, Gibraltar , Montserrat, the Pitcairn Islands, St. Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Akrotiri and Dhekelia and Turks and Caicos. The United Kingdom is a parliamentary monarchy and Queen Elizabeth II is also the head of state of 16 member countries of the Commonwealth of Nations (to which the United Kingdom has joined since 1931), known as Commonwealth realms (including Canada, Australia , New Zealand and Jamaica). The only land borders are: Northern Ireland (borders the Republic of Ireland) Gibraltar (borders Spain) Akrotiri and Dhekelia (borders the Republic of Cyprus, the non-recognized Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus and the United Nations' Demilitarized Buffer Zone, Green Line, - United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus - UNFICYP) British Antarctic Territory (borders suspended by the Antarctic Treaty) It was the first state in the world to be industrialized, and historically constituted (from the beginning of the 18th century) the model of modern parliamentary democracy to which those of the other nascent European democracies were later rebuilt. westerners. It was a first-rate power, especially during the eighteenth, nineteenth and first half of the twentieth century, but the economic cost of the two world wars and the decline of its great colonial empire in the second half of the twentieth century marked a clear downsizing of its influence in the world. Despite this, and by virtue of the tenacity with which he fought in the Second World War until the victory against the Axis powers, which earned him the attribution of the permanent seat with the right of veto in the United Nations Security Council, it continues to exert considerable influence at the international level in the political and military as well as scientific and financial fields. The UK is also equipped with nuclear weapons. With a nominal GDP estimated at $ 3 trillion according to the International Monetary Fund, it is the fifth largest economic power in the world, after the United States, China, Japan, and G

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