November 27, 2021
Holy (from the Latin sanctus, past participle of sancīre, to sanction -a pact-, as those who withdraw it would incur a sanction, protect with sanction, but also establish by law and therefore, in the original meaning, what is inviolable, that is sacred , as protected by a sanction [more than in itself]; in turn by Sanco, the god of oaths; abbreviated, according to the most common use, to the singular in s. or S., to the superlative in SS. - referring to Jesus or to Mary -, and in the plural in ss. Or Ss.) Is an attribute of a being, object or manifestation that is believed to be related to divinity. In the modern meaning, the term is used mainly referring to what is considered inviolable, as it is consecrated by an often religious law, or is venerated, or considered worthy of respect.
The spelling varies according to the following rules: in the masculine singular it is truncated in san in front of a consonant other than s impure, in front of a consonant group and in front of semi-consonants: san Benedetto, san Prisco, san Jacopo, santo Stefano; in the masculine and feminine singular it is eliminated in front of the vowel: sant'Anna, sant'Antonio, sant'Orsola.
The Catholic Church
For the Catholic faith, "holy" is he who, following the example of Jesus Christ, animated by love, lives and dies in the grace of God; in a particular sense he is the one who in life distinguished himself for the exercise of the Christian virtues in a "heroic" form or for having given his life for the sake of faith (the martyrs). The Catholic Church, through an act proper to the pope's magisterium, proclaims a person a saint only after the outcome of a complex procedure called canonization. In the terminology of the New Testament it is the equivalent of the expression "being in Christ".
For Catholics, the saint is the one who fully responds to God's call to be as he thought and created him, a fragment in the daily life of his love for humanity. The Catholic faith teaches that God has a particular idea for each person, and assigns each one a specific place in the community of believers. Therefore, there are no univocal characteristics of holiness, but in Catholic theology, everyone has a particular holiness to discover and put into action. Holy, for the Catholic faith, can and must be anyone, without the need for particular gifts or skills. Among the saints, which the Church recognizes to be far greater in number than those who are officially recognized as such, there are some who, in faith, have been particularly highlighted by God such as, for example, the founders of religious orders or the great reformers of the Church. The saint is proposed as a model to all the faithful and to men of good will not so much for what he did or said, but because he listened to and at the disposal of God, accepting, in faith, that it was He who was directing through the work. his life of the Holy Spirit. For the Catholic Church, therefore, what must be imitated is above all the attitude of obedience to God and love for one's neighbor that each saint has made real in the most diverse ways.
From the moment of his death, after the judgment, the saint is in Paradise, he lives for ever the total communion with God who in life he foretold and continues to participate fully in God's loving plan for creation. In fact, from communion with God the possibility arises for the saint to be an intercessor for the living, that is, a privileged channel of love on the part of God for those who still - says the Church - live the earthly pilgrimage. This communion, in the creed of the Church, is called "communion of saints" or "communion of holy things". This truth of faith starts from the assumption that all those who are Christians, living or dead, participate in the one body of Christ which is the Church. Therefore the happiness, the joy, the love that a part of the body receives and lives brings benefit, from the point of view