November 27, 2021
Serie A, officially called Serie A TIM for sponsorship reasons, is the highest professional division of the Italian men's football championship, managed by the Lega Nazionale Professionisti Serie A. Post under the aegis of the FIGC, the first edition of the tournament dates back to 1898. ; the current formula (single group) was born in 1929. The most successful team is Juventus, winner of the championship 36 times; Inter is instead the formation most present in the single group, having played each season.
The position of Serie A in the UEFA rankings determines the number of Italian teams qualified for the European cups. At the end of the 2020-2021 season, the Italian league occupies 3rd place in the UEFA ranking, behind the English Premier League and the Spanish Primera División. In 2020 it ranked 1st in the world championship ranking drawn up annually by the IFFHS.
Formula and rules
The 1929-30 season represented the main watershed in the history of the tournament: the formula of the single group was adopted in an almost stable manner, with round-trip matches, a further step forward compared to the previous three championships which, despite being - in virtue of the Viareggio card - in fact professional and on a national basis, they were structured on two groups. 2004-05 (as a consequence of the Catania case) the championship welcomes a lot of participants extended to 20 formations. The scoring system includes 3 points for a win (starting in 1994-95, up from 2 previously), one point each for a tie and no points for loss. In the event of a tie, the following criteria are considered for the formulation of the final classification: detached classification (results of the matches between the teams concerned), goal difference of direct matches, overall goal difference, highest number of goals scored, draw. Previously, until 2005, it was customary to play a play-off to determine the winner of the Scudetto (which occurred only in 1963-1964), admission to European cups and relegations.At the end of the 38 days, the first classified team earns the title of Champion of Italy, winning the Scudetto, and is admitted by right to the UEFA Champions League. The teams from second to fourth place also qualify for the group stage of the competition. The fifth classified and the winner of the Italian Cup qualify for the group stage of the UEFA Europa League. The sixth position gives access to the play-off of the UEFA Europa Conference League. The last three teams in the standings are relegated to Serie B, replaced by as many formations promoted by the cadet championship.
Trophy and symbols
For the whole season following the victory of the Championship, the Italian champion team can show off the scudetto on its uniform (symbolizing the success in the previous tournament). The aforementioned badge recalls the colors of the national flag and has the shape of a shield: its introduction took place in 1924-25, when it was worn by Genoa. From the 1960-61 season, the winning club was also awarded the Italian Champions Cup, the official Serie A trophy.
In 1958, from an idea of Umberto Agnelli, it was decided to assign a special star to the clubs that had reached the milestone of ten successes in the Italian top flight. This symbol is composed of a 5-pointed golden star, sewn on the club uniforms and usually accompanied by the company crest. Juventus, after winning their tenth Scudetto in the 1957-1958 season, was the first team in the world to wear a commemorative - and permanent - badge on their jersey for a meal