Staten Island

Article

July 5, 2022

Staten Island, corresponding to the county of Richmond founded in 1683, is an island of 265 km² and is one of the five boroughs of the city of New York, together with Bronx, Queens, Manhattan and Brooklyn. Traditionally Staten Island is where the New York Marathon starts.

Physical geography

Features

It is located southwest of the island of Manhattan, to which it is connected by the Staten Island Ferry. The neighboring island of Long Island to the east, where Brooklyn is located, is connected by the Verrazzano Bridge, which crosses The Narrows canal, the gateway to New York Bay. The inhabitants of Staten Island are 463,000 (2006 data), 44% of whom are of Italian origin. From an administrative point of view, the island's territory coincides with Richmond County, the southernmost county in the state of New York. The establishment of the borough dates back to the unification of New York City in 1898. Until 1975 it was officially called the borough of Richmond.

Environment

In the New York area, the island of Staten Island is the one with the highest percentage of green areas. There are the Staten Island Greenbelt, a system of contiguous public parks, and the Fresh Kills Landfill, which until 2001 was the largest landfill in the world: here about two million tons of debris from Ground Zero were deposited. The landfill was definitively closed in May 2002 and the area is now destined to house what will become the largest public park in New York; it will be dedicated to the memory of the events of 11 September.

Urban planning

From an urban, architectural and residential point of view, the borough is clearly divided into two sectors. A vast and populous neighborhood of social housing, commonly called "projects", inhabited for the most part by the black population of Hispano-American origin, which arose after World War II, and a "historic" part consisting mainly of single-family homes and small villas in a sober colonial style dating back to the early 1900s, built in wood, characterized by a peculiar and very recognizable style with 2 or 3 floors, such as to make the "Staten Island houses" unmistakable. The Staten Island residential area is the small hill of Fort Hill, made up of numerous Tudor, Victorian and Art Deco style single family villas also built in the late 19th and early 20th centuries near the St. George Theater , the historic theater of the island, near which there is also the town council building. The most important road communication route is the external ring road that runs along the entire perimeter of the island and connects the island to the Verrazzano bridge.

Population

From the 2000 census the population was ethnically divided as follows: 77.6% white, 9.6% black, 0.25% Native American, 5.6% Asian, 4.1% other ethnic groups. Hispanics (of any ethnicity) accounted for 12%. Among the European descendants were in first place the Italians (29.7%), then Irish (16.1%), Germans (9.3%), Poles (6.1%), Russians (4.1%) and Albanians (3.9%).

Notes

Other projects

Wikimedia Commons contains images or other files about Staten Island Wikivoyage contains tourist information on Staten Island

External links

(EN) Official site, on statenislandusa.com. Staten Island, on Sapienza.it, De Agostini. (EN) Staten Island, in Encyclopedia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Staten Island (administrative division) / Staten Island (human settlement), on Geographic Names Information System, USGS. Staten Island Key Historical Dates, on nypl.org. (EN) Garibaldi-Meucci Museum website, on garibaldimeuccimuseum.org.