Vice President of the United States of America


July 3, 2022

The Vice President of the United States of America is first in the presidential succession line and is jointly elected with the President for a four-year term. The incumbent vice president is Democrat Kamala Harris.

Powers and functions

He chairs the Senate with the right to vote in the event of a tie and as such the outgoing vice-president presides over the joint session of Congress which validates the election of president and vice-president. You carry out the functions of president in any case the president is prevented from doing so and succeeds him in case of vacancy of the office of this. The president can also temporarily delegate his functions to him in the event of an expected and limited unavailability (for example in the case of surgery). Being therefore a potential president, the Constitution provides that candidates for the vice-presidency must have the same requisites necessary for the office of president. Unlike the president, however, the vice president is not subject to the limit of two consecutive terms. With the approval of the 25th amendment (in 1967) in the event of vacancy of the office of vice-president, the president appoints the new vice-president, who, however, must be confirmed by both chambers of Congress before taking up his functions.


Former Living Vice Presidents


The state origin (by place of residence) of the vice presidents is summarized in the following table:


In office under different presidents

George Clinton under Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. John Calhoun under John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson.

Died while in office

George Clinton in 1812. Elbridge Gerry in 1814. William R. King in 1853. Henry Wilson in 1875. Thomas Hendricks in 1885. Garret Hobart in 1899. James S. Sherman in 1912.

I resigned before the end of my term

John Calhoun resigned in 1832 to sit in the Senate. Spiro Agnew resigned in 1973 to defend himself in the lawsuit in which he was accused of corruption during his tenure as governor of Maryland.

Successful to their president when they were in office

John Tyler became president when William Harrison died. He chose not to run for re-election. Millard Fillmore became president when Zachary Taylor died. He chose not to run for reelection, although four years later he did so by losing. Andrew Johnson became president when Abraham Lincoln was assassinated. He chose not to run for re-election. Chester Arthur became president when James A. Garfield was assassinated. He was not chosen to run in subsequent elections. Theodore Roosevelt became president when William McKinley was assassinated and then re-elected. Calvin Coolidge became president when Warren Gamaliel Harding died and was later re-elected. Harry Truman became president when Franklin Delano Roosevelt died and was then re-elected. Lyndon B. Johnson became president when John Fitzgerald Kennedy was assassinated and then re-elected. Gerald Ford became president when Richard Nixon resigned and then ran for the next election without winning them.

Elected president immediately after the term of vice president

John Adams (1789–1797) was elected president in 1796. Thomas Jefferson (1797–1801) was elected president in 1800. Martin Van Buren (1833–1837) was elected president in 1836. George H. W. Bush (1981–1989) was elected president in 1988.

Elected president after the term of vice president

Richard Nixon (1953–1961) was elected president in 1968. Joe Biden (2009–2017) was elected president in 2020.

Provisional Presidents

George H. W. Bush provisional president for Ronald Reagan on July 13, 1985. Dick Cheney provisional chairman for George W. Bush on June 29, 2002 and July 21, 2007. Kamala Harris interim president for Joe Biden on November 19, 2021 They were officially presidents due to the i